The Rev. Charles W. Dullea is the Superior of the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome. His recent article in the 'Homiletic and Pastoral Review' for January 1972, "A Catholic Looks at Billy Graham" gives us a pretty fair idea of the official Vatican position.

"Because he is preaching basic Christianity, he does not enter into matters which today divide Christians. He does not touch on sacraments or Church in any detail. This is, for us Catholics, a loss. But from another point of view it is a gain. For he is preaching basic Christianity, not Protestantism per se. True, he implicitly assumes certain Protestant positions in his own preaching, assuming for example the Bible as the sole rule of faith and private interpretation of Scripture, but these assumptions are not obtrusive and in fact influence the main thrust of his sermons little, if at all. The Catholic will

Continued on Page Sixteen.

A sermon preached by DR. IAN R. K. PAISLEY

"If you have your Bible or testament with you, I wonder would you open it with me at this first chapter of John's gospel. Oh the trouble with God's people today is this, that they simply skirt over the Word of God instead of digging into one particular verse or a few of the great verses of the book. They think that there is something that will merit them blessing if they take vast chunks of scripture. I believe that the art we have lost in the church today is the art of meditation. We do not meditate upon the Word. When you open any book of the Bible its opening words are important, and they are worthy of consideration. For sometimes we discover that in the opening words of a book we have a golden key which opens the whole book for us.

"Now the opening words of John's Gospel chapter one: 'In the beginning was the Word.' You never read those words without thinking of Genesis chapter one. You turn over to the first verse of the Bible, you will find it is: 'In the beginning God.' So the spirit of God is drawing out attention to an interesting parallel between the first part of Genesis and the first part of the first chapter of John's gospel. You're all familiar, aren't you? With the fact that Genesis chapter one and Genesis chapter two records seven days, seven days, and if you would look closely for a moment with me at John's gospel chapter one and John's gospel chapter two you will find there are seven days. I haven't time to draw out the parallel for you, you can go home and do your own homework, it'll do you good.

"But I'd like to draw your attention to this very interesting parallel. Now if you look with me at verse twenty-nine. It says 'the next day' so the day before that was the first day. That was the day when John said: 'I am not the Christ' that was the first day. And in the first day of John's gospel chapter one, John said: 'I am not the Christ.' In the second day he said 'Behold the Lamb of God' then look at this verse thirty-five: 'Again the next day after.' There's the third day. And then look at verse forty-three: 'The day following' that's the fourth day. And then the third day, chapter two and verse one: 'And the third day' that's the third day from that fourth day. If you read it carefully you'll find that's what the book says. And that's seven days, and if you, would sit down some time and you would put the first day of John's Gospel chapter one with the first day of Genesis chapter one, go down and you'll find there's the most unique and interesting parallel, and I'm sure you would [3] get something for your soul if you would study it out with the open book before you.

"But this afternoon I want to speak to you about three views of Christ that you have in John's gospel chapter one. First of all you have an eternal view of Christ in verses one, two, three and four. An eternal view of Christ, we're going to have a look at that. Then in verses fourteen we have a time view of Christ. He's coming into time: 'And the Word became flesh.' There's a time view of Christ. And then over in the last verse of the chapter you have the future view of Christ. 'Verily, verily, I say unto you Hereafter.' My we're in eternity now. Hereafter means after here, it's not hard to know what it means. And when you get after here, after time, after this old world is done, we're going to see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man. So we have an eternal view of Christ. We have a time view of Christ and we have a future view of Christ.

"Now when you look at the eternal view of Christ, you'll find that there are seven views here, bringing out seven wonderful beauties, seven wonderful characteristics, seven wonderful things about our wonderful Lord. First of all, when you read the first verse it says: 'In the beginning was the Word' or 'In the beginning the Word was already.' Jesus Christ had no beginning, Jesus Christ will not have any ending. We had a beginning but praise God we have been lifted and we've been put into the eternal Christ, so we'll never have an end. We had a Genesis but we're never going to have a consummation. My, ten thousand billion years from today we'll be in the courts of the everlasting temple of heaven, and we'll be praising God with songs so beautiful that if we could have sung them down here we would have been the greatest singers in the world. My, what a day that's gonna be. Brother John and me we're gonna sing an eternal duet up there in heaven. There were preachers sang a duet one day in a prison and there was an earthquake, no wonder. I never heard preachers singing in harmony yet. Praise God there's going to be a day of blessing. 'In the beginning the Word was already.' There's His tremendous eternity. My, I'm glad today that my Saviour is the eternal Christ. Get that into your heart you'll face 1970 in victory. Our Christ is not a Christ that can be got up by the ravages of time. Our Christ is not a Christ who gets weary. The End, the one Who is the Beginning, and the one Who is the ending, the one Who is the first and the last, the eternal Creator, He never grows weary. We get weary, humanity's bowed down with its own weariness. This old world is stamped and has upon it the seal of its weariness. But Jesus Christ faileth not, neither is weary.

"He is the eternal Christ, His tremendous eternity. Go you out tonight and look up at the starry heavens and remember before there was a heaven for the stars to move in, away out yonder in the milky way of God's eternity there was a bright and morning star. Go out and look at the beautiful garden with its flowers, but remember before there was a garden in earth, in the garden of heaven there bloomed the eternal rose of Sharon. Remember my friend He's the eternal Christ. He'll look after us, He'll get us through. There'll be heartaches and [4] headaches, and troubles and trials and difficulties and afflictions and misrepresentations in the incoming year, but best of all Jesus will be the same. Friends'll let us down, people we trusted in will break our hearts, we'll carry the remains of loved ones to the tomb, but praise God Jesus will never die. He's the Christ that lives, get this into your heart today. This is what we need, don't we, as we go on in life, to know He's the eternal Christ. 'In the beginning the Word already was.' This is a tremendous eternity. But then I want you to notice His special identity, He's called the Word, three times in that first verse. Look at it: the Word, the Word, the Word. You know words have a threefold significance. First of all you can't communicate what you have in your mind except you use words. You only know what I'm thinking when I speak. You might pretend to read my mind but you couldn't do it. No such thing as mind-readers, although I know there's people who profess to do it but that's only a lot of baloney, they can't do it. But how do I get out my mind? I express it by words. Do I know the mind of God today? Do I know What the great omnipotent, omniscient Jehovah's thinking? Hallelujah! Because Christ is the communication of the Father's mind. Do you want to know what God's thinking? Look at Jesus that's what God's thinking. You want to know what's in God's mind from all eternity, look at Christ. My, we could go on and develop that, couldn't we?

"The Lord Jesus Christ is the head of the church. What was God thinking about from all eternity? About you and me in the church He thought about us before the hills in order stood or earth received her frame away yonder in the eternal ages of the past God the Father thought about me, Hallelujah! I'll get through no matter how many popes roar in Rome, I'll get through, God's there. No matter how many devils roar in hell at us we'll get through all right. You don't need to worry, because the Word, the communication of the mind, what's God thinking? Look at Jesus. I'll tell you something more, the Word is the representation of the person. I had a couple of poor souls got married today, and when they came into the room afterwards they had to sign their name. That name on the marriage registrar book was a representation of their persons when they put down the name. That represented them. You get a cheque and you take it to the bank, you've got to put your name on the back of it, haven't you to endorse it? Your signature represents you. Jesus Christ is the Word because Jesus Christ is God's representative to me. God is veiled in mystery. The eye of angels, I don't know whether you've ever thought about the intricate eye that an angel must have. I wonder have you ever thought about the being of an angel. The angel dare not look on God, but with two of his wings he covers his feet, and with twain he covers his face, and veiled with his own wings he cries: 'Holy, holy, holy.' God is shroud in a mystery. How can I reach Him, He's above me, how can I understand Him, He's far beyond my ken. Praise God I touch God in Jesus Christ, He's bone of my bone, He's flesh of my flesh, I can see Him, I can handle Him, He's the Lord of Glory. This is what John was talking about in the first chapter of his epistle. Look at it, I John [5] 1 : 'That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;' Hebrews chapter one: 'God, Who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by His Son.'

"That's the representative of the person. The Word is something more. The Word is the revelation of the heart. It's not only the communication of the mind, and the representation of the person, but it is the revelation of the heart. That night friend that you took that lady, that's now your wife out, how did she know that you loved her? You plucked up courage, I know the sweat was sitting like beads on you, and your destiny was in your hand, and I don't know whether you looked at her. I'm reminded of a story of a poor fellow who was in real trouble, he was in love with this girl and didn't know how to express it. So he got the hold of an old fellow who was married thirty years, and he said 'Could you help me?' 'Oh he says I'll help you,' he says 'just when you meet her tonight you just say: When I look on your face time seems to stop' and then he says get on with it. So the fellow rhymed this over all day, and when he saw her coming at the appointed time and place he went up to her and he said: 'Your face would stop the clock.' He got it a bit mixed up, didn't he?

"But the word is the representation, revelation of the heart. Do you know what's in the Father's heart? Look at Jesus. Look at Jesus. Do you know what's throbbing in the great Father heart of Jehovah? Look at Christ, and you'll know how much He loves you. He loves you so much that He sacrificed His only Son for you. It seems to me He loved poor sinful men more than His Son, for He spared not His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all. A special identity He's the Word.

"The third thing about this is His distinct individuality. This is very important because there are people going about who deny the glorious doctrine of the trinity. A friend of mine, who is a minister in Canada: a Jehovah Witness came to his door one day, he knocked at the door, and when the pastor came out he said to him: 'You're a preacher aren't you?' He says 'I am.' He says: 'Explain the trinity.' He says: 'If I could do that it would be a quartet, it wouldn't be a trinity any more.' And the old Jehovah Witness left the door in confusion. You can't explain the trinity, don't try to explain it, and don't let's try to bring this doctrine down to the puniness of man's little illustrations and representations. I don't understand the trinity, but praise God I've met the Father, and I've met the Son and I've met the Holy Ghost.

"I can't understand it, but I know that there is one God and not three Gods, and yet every person is distinct and every person is God. His distinct individuality: 'He was with God.' The Word in the Greek brings out the meaning: 'He was alongside God.' That's pretty strong, isn't it? He's distinct, the Father is not the Son, and the Son is not the Father, the Father is not the Holy Ghost and the Son isn't the Holy Ghost. And yet if you've seen Christ you've seen the Father, and when the Holy Ghost dwells [6] in you He reveals the Son. Yes. He's distinct in His individuality, He was with God. But that's not it all you know, look at the next part of it. His essential deity: 'The Word was God.' He was God, really was God. No mistake, no doubt here. My isn't it refreshing to pick up the Bible after you hear these old rascals preaching on the radio. To pick up the bible, and the bible is firm on the deity of Christ, the bible is firm on the virgin birth of Christ, the bible is clear on the miracles of Christ, the bible's clear on the blood of Christ, on the resurrection of Christ and the ascension of Christ, and, Hallelujah, on the coming again of Christ. I thank God for the old book, isn't refreshing to put the plugs in your ears and sit down with the bible and say: 'Praise God this is it, this is it.' He's God without a question mark, He's God without limitation, He's God without boundary marks, He's God. You say: 'Preacher was He God when He was born?' Yes! I don't understand it, Praise God I believe it. And when those men came from the East they didn't worship Mary or give Mary a present. No Sir. But they presented unto Him gold, and frankincense and myrrh, and it says 'they worshipped Him' Yes. They didn't worship the creature, they worshipped the Creator. He's God over all blest forever. This is deity, His essential deity.

"But look at the next verse, I love this verse. His personal immutability, 'the same.' My that's a great word isn't it? You should go through your bible and you should mark all the texts, about the Lord, that had to do with that word 'the same.' It means He does not change. That means He hasn't changed in the past, that means He's not changing now, and glory to God He'll never change. He's the same. A little girl heard Chapman, the great American evangelist, preach. He was preaching on the second coming. The little lassie was terrified. She walked up to the preacher afterwards and she said: 'Sir, I don't want Jesus to come.' And he said 'Do you love Jesus?' 'Yes, I love Him.' 'Do you know Him?' And the little girl said 'Yes I know Him.' 'Do you long to see Him?' 'Yes, but I don't want Him to come.' She said 'I was dead scared when you were preaching, you really frightened me.' She said 'The way you preached tonight I don't want Jesus to come.' The great preacher got the first chapter of Acts and he said 'My little girl, wouldn't you like Jesus who came to Bethlehem to come?' 'Oh yes sir I'd love Him to come.' 'Wouldn't you like Jesus who lifted the children in His arms and blessed them, wouldn't you like Him to come?' 'Oh yes.' 'Wouldn't you like Jesus Who healed the leper, and gave sight to the blind and raised the dead? ' 'Oh yes I'd like Him to come.' And he said 'My dear little girl the bible says: "This same Jesus" the same struggles of life, He's coming, He's the same, He doesn't change.' I'm sure you've had the experience, as every child of God has, a sweet and blessed view of Christ somewhere along life's journey. There was a day when the sun really shone, you've had that experience haven't you? There wasn't a cloud between, and my you walked with Him and you talked with Him and you told Him with the eternal voice of eternal thankfulness you were His forever. But as you went on in life

Continued on Page Eleven

Dungannon Free Presbyterian Church

Great changes were taking place in Ulster the false unity teaching of the Ecumenical movement began to manifest itself in the actions of the Politicians. Republicans and traitors received a welcome in high places while those who stood for the Faith were ill-treated and imprisoned.

The rising tide of persecution and apostasy drove the people of God into a closer walk with their Lord. Near the town of Dungannon (as is many other parts of the Province) sincere Christians began to call upon the Lord to rend a faithful preacher of the gospel to the district. The Lord answered their prayers by sending Dr. Ian R. K. Paisley to Strangmore to conduct a tent mission during the month of September, 1967. A few years before this Dr. Paisley had conducted a very successful mission at Killyman which is just a few miles from Strangmore. At Killyman about one hundred people turned from their own ways and entered into the blessed assurance of sins forgiven. Many of these people returned to the Strangmore mission bringing others with them to drink of the water of life. Great blessing was experienced, God was truly in the midst and the fields were white unto harvest.

Many people realised that having been born in the fire of revival they could not live in the smoke of ecumenism. On the Lord's Day, the twenty-fourth of September, 1967, Dungannon Free Presbyterian Church held its first meeting in the large tent. About forty people braved the inclemency of the weather to worship God according to the dictates of their conscience. Soon a wooden hall was purchased and erected beside the Fork Filling Station at Strangmore. This hall, (known locally as "Paisley's hut") was, under the hand of God, to become the birthplace of many souls. In January, 1968, I was placed as student in charge under Rev. S. B. Cooke of Armagh. The congregation gradually grew, ". . . And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved." Acts 2: 47. As planning permission to build upon the site where the hall was situated could not be obtained, the congregation purchased about one and a half acres at Coolhill, which is just a few hundred yards away from the original mission site.

On completion of my studies in the Theological Hall I received a call from the congregation and was subsequently ordained to the ministry on the fifteenth of December, 1970. A committee and session were elected in January, 1971. The ecclesiastical machinery having been set in order according to the scriptural teaching on church [8] government, we felt that the time had come to prepare for bigger things. In spite of the perilous times through which our country is passing we decided that we should erect a permanent building to accommodate the separated testimony in this district. We decided to build by direct labour and to use as much voluntary labour as possible. The response was good and we were able to complete the building in little over one year at a cost of approximately half what it would have been if we had set it out to contract. The beautiful building that now stands in Coolhill bears testimony to the consecrated labours of many willing helpers who gave their time and money to the work of the Lord.

Realising that we had not yet arrived at our desired haven we invited Dr. Paisley back again to open the building and then continue in a gospel mission. On Saturday the third of June, 1972, the building was [9] packed to capacity for the opening meeting. Mr. Basil Douglas the architect presented the key to Dr. Paisley who opened the door and declared the building open for the preaching of the gospel. Those taking part in the service were, Rev. S. B. Cooke, Rev. J. Beggs, Rev. F. Lockhart, Rev. F. McClelland, Rev. W. McCrea, Dr. Paisley, Mr. M. Rollston, Mr. W. Henning and myself. After the service tea was served to approximately 800 people. The offering which was for the building fund came to almost £1,400. Many of us felt tired after the strenuous programme which preceded the opening service and the three weeks mission that followed proved to be just the tonic that we needed, as it is written in Roman 8: 11. "But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you." Each night brought a fresh challenge from the Word of God to our hearts. Christians came forward as a token of their willingness to enter into a deeper spiritual walk with their God. At least ten souls accepted Christ as their Saviour and great interest was shown in the books and Bibles that were displayed in the entrance foyer by the Bethel Missionary Trust.

Looking back we stand amazed. We can only say "This was the Lord's doing, and it is [10] marvellous in our eyes" – Mark 12 : 11. The Lord has heard our cry and answered our prayers and we are encouraged to press on believing for bigger and better things.


the storm clouds came, and you've had your up and downs, you've been down in the valley many a time and your view of Christ has not always been the same.

"But I want to tell you friend that Jesus is the same. Do you remember that day He gave you a blessed view of Himself, well he's just as beautiful today as He was then. There may be something wrong down here but praise God there's nothing wrong up there, He's the same. I'm glad He's the same. I'm glad He doesn't change His mind. The Lord Jesus knew we were a pack of no-goods you know before He ever came looking for us. He didn't come to save saints, He came to save sinners, Hallelujah. He didn't come to save nice people, He came to save lost people. He knew all about you. When He died upon the cross friend you weren't even born, but He knew all your life, and He knew how mean you would be and how twisted you would be, and how tough you would be and unchristian you would be at times, He knew it all. He still loved you. He knew there was a Jacob in every one of us, He knew there was an unlovely streak in us all, but praise God He loved us, and He's the same, He's the same.

"Here's another great thing: His absolute sovereignty. 'All things were made by Him' that's evolution out altogether. You know we've got a lot of evangelicals, emphasis on the jelly for they're dead set, and they're trying to bring in the theory of theistic evolution, that God was behind evolution. They're not just the old evolutionists, these are the new ones. These ones have lost a little bit of the monkey's tail, they're not so horrid looking, and they call themselves theistic evolutionists. Listen friend, I want to tell you it's a lot of bunkum. God made man the way Genesis said He made him, and God made this earth in six days, of twenty-four hours each, yes, how do I know? Because God says: 'Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy, six days shalt thou labour and do all thy work.' And if they were days, as some of the evangelicals make out, of thousands of years old, then we would never get to the Sabbath. But praise God they were six days, twenty-four hours each, yes, just the ordinary days.

"We've got all the 'smart alecs' you know in the churches today, they like to take down this old book. Friends believe this book, that's just all you do just believe the bible. Don't try and get any fancy interpretations to square up with some old bald-headed unbeliever, to make him think that you're with it. Oh let me tell you friend He made all things. Well if that's true He made the devil, and I'm glad God knows the machinery of the old devil, He made him. He can put him out of gear just at the right time, He knows how to put the devil out of action. And he even made Pope Paul the old rascal, yes, He can put him out of gear too. And He made every old ungodly infidel that curses this church, and every old hireling prophet, wolves in sheep's clothing, that mount the pulpit. My, Christ made them all. He can deal with them, Yes. Every circumstance He can deal with, every trouble He can deal with, every sickness Hallelujah, He can deal [12] with. Yes He can deal with these things. 'All things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.' Yes the evolution is out. That blows the monkey up so high you couldn't find even a tip of its tail when it comes down, it's all over.

"And there's something else friend. Look at verse four and my time's nearly up. And we've only got these seven views of the Christ of eternity. 'In Him was life.' His life is unique vitality. In Him was life. All life is centred in Christ. All life. See that little bird that flies, Christ gave him that life to fly. The beasts of the field owe their life, the very breath that's in the old devil, it was Christ that gave it to them. But I want to tell you something more. There's not only natural life, and angelic life, the life of Satan, angelic life. I want to tell you something, thank God, there's spiritual life in Christ: 'He that hath the Son hath life.' And if you've got Jesus you've got life, life that'll carry you to Heaven. You know water will rise to its source, and praise God the life of God within us it'll take us some day from this old earth and it'll put us on the throne of His glory. 'Life, life abundant life Jesus alone is the giver.' Seven views of Christ. The eternal Christ. Look at the Christ in time. A time view of Christ. 'And the Word was made flesh.' His wondrous humility. 'The Word was made flesh.' The invisible God should take upon Him the form of sinful men. Here's a statement in the book, only the Holy Ghost dare write it, 'He was made in the likeness of sinful flesh' of sin a part, made in our likeness, He was without sin. And He couldn't sin friend. Jesus Christ was not able to sin. There's a difference between saying that and saying He was able not to sin. He was not able to sin. He's the impeccable Christ. Some of these 'wise Alecs' come along, they tell us today that Jesus Christ was able not to sin but He could have sinned. A Principal in the Irish Baptist College he's trotting out that nonsense. But I want to tell you that my Saviour was not able to sin, there is a great difference. 'The Word was made flesh.' Yes. He came, what did it mean for Him to come? From the Throne. There was no room for Him at the inn, there's His virgin mother about to deliver Him and the old inn-keeper says 'Get away I've no room for you.'

"And the world has still no room for Jesus. And Joseph says 'We'll better just go and shelter among the cattle and asses.' And there amidst the beasts of the field in a lowly cattle shed my Saviour was born. And His mother had no little cot to lay Him in. Before our children came my good wife had the little cot already prepared, and the sheets and the pillow ready there and the little blankets made with mammy's careful hands. But His virgin mother had a long journey, no nice cot for Jesus, no little blankets, no sweet soft pillow for Christ to lie upon. She wrapped Him in swaddling clothes, the very same clothes that He was wrapped in, in the tomb. She wrapped Him in a shroud, that's the meaning of the word, in the raiment of death because He was born to die that's why, and His birth was an order to the bleeding, and His cradling was an order to the Cross. His wondrous humility.

Continued on Page Fifteen.

A study by the late Prebendary H. E. Fox, M.A., of St. Paul's Cathedral.


"Teach me good judgment and knowledge: For I have believed thy commandments." Psalm cxix. 66.

The perplexity and unrest which at present are troubling many devout minds with regard to the most sacred book in the world may be a sufficient reason for any attempt, however humble, towards aught that can make for rest or relief.

For this purpose these pages are written. They aim at bringing to the test of a plain and true criterion novel and often conflicting opinions which are being proclaimed about the Bible, and especially that portion of it which is admitted by all to have been written at some period, longer or shorter, before the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ.

This seems to be the more necessary as the confident air of assurance generally adopted by the neo-critics is misleading to many who do not readily distinguish between speculations, however ingenious, and long-acknowledged facts capable of definite proof.

There are two ways in which any theory, as in literature or science, may be tested. FIRST, the whole process of arguments by which it is supported may be taken link by link, and the relation of each piece of evidence to the others from premises to conclusion be examined, the value of inferences subjective or otherwise, be weighed, the presence of flaws, if any, discovered, and the strength of the whole hypothesis measured. This is a method which, in the case of what is known as "higher criticism," has been, and is being, employed by very competent persons. It is a method, however, which is more fitted for trained experts than for ordinary people. It can hardly be used by those not possessed of the technical knowledge which would enable them to exercise an independent judgment on the merits of alleged conclusions. The great majority even of educated people have neither the learning nor the leisure to take this course, especially in the [14] investigation of a subject which requires an accurate knowledge of Semitic languages and thought, and also a judicial habit of mind, - a rare gift even among scholars. Average men and women are as little able to solve difficult linguistic or antiquarian problems as is the mere mathematician to define the use of Greek particles and prepositions. They are at the mercy of the professional advocates of each new hypothesis which secures a passing popularity. They are expected to take without question what Dr. A, the divine, asserts, and reject with the same submission what Professor B, the historian, affirms, and this for recondite reasons which they are not in a position either to accept or refute.

They may reasonably resort to another method of inquiry, simpler but not less satisfactory. There are many propositions in every branch of knowledge where, though we are not able at once to detect fallacies or discrepancies, COMMON SENSE CLAIMS A CRITERION WITHIN THE RANGE OF OUR COMPETENCE. If, for example, we should find that the conclusions to which any theory has brought us are in CONFLICT WITH INDISPUTABLE FACTS, OR IGNORE SUCH FACTS, OR LEAVE OUT OF VIEW MATERIAL EVIDENCE WHICH POINTS ANOTHER WAY, WE ARE INSTINCTIVELY CONSCIOUS OF HAVING BEEN MISLED, AND, THOUGH WE MAY NOT ALWAYS BE ABLE TO SEE EXACTLY WHERE WE WENT WRONG, WE WITHDRAW AT ONCE FROM THE DANGER INTO WHICH WE WERE BEING DRAWN.

Or to change the figure, we may not have skill to detect precisely which are the weak links in a chain, but it is easy enough to know whether any are wanting, the absence of which would leave the chain useless. If the following pages show that such links are missing in the deductions of neo-criticism, it is clear we cannot treat them as forming a working hypothesis.

This, of course, does not imply the smallest disparagement of the learning and research which must be employed in the study of sacred books. Far otherwise: common sense is not inconsistent with the exactest science; but it asks for true science. It claims that the search for truth shall be thorough, shall neglect no line of possible evidence, and shall shirk no awkward facts. It cannot therefore accept conclusions which have disregarded these elementary principles or which are opposed to actual phenomena.

As the subject about which we are to inquire affects the highest interests of our being, and as we are held responsible for our conclusions by Him Who has endowed us with the faculty of discernment, it is reasonable to assume that some simple test exists lying within the ordinary conditions of life in which He has placed all of us, even the humblest and least learned. Moreover as Christians we are not free to disregard those sacred instincts which are promised to those who seek the aid of the Holy Spirit, and which equally with our reason we are bound to cultivate and exercise.

On the other hand, we may not allow prejudices, however strong, or associations, however dear, to deflect by a hair's breadth our pursuit of truth.

It is in this spirit we desire to test the [15] conclusions of the new school of Old Testament critics. Before doing so we would offer two remarks.

1. WE THANKFULLY NOTE THE EVIDENT SINCERITY AND THE REVERENT TONE OF MANY OF THE LEADERS, AT LEAST IN ENGLAND. We observe also the reluctance on the part of the more prudent among them to carry the principles of their criticism to the logical issues from which some writers in our own country and many on the Continent have not shrunk. Happily there is often a saving grace in inconsistency.

2 It should be observed, however, that FINALITY IS CLAIMED BY NONE OF THEM, AND THAT DIVERSITY IS MANIFEST AMONG MOST. Front and rear in the army of invasion may be far apart, but the lines of communication are open and easy. Not a few also of the younger men are already regarding as obscurantists the very teachers from whom they received their first lessons. This is to be expected. The disciple of neo-criticism, if not above his master, is often beyond him, having NONE OF THE RESTRAINTS WHICH LONG-FORMED HABITS OF MIND, RIPE EXPERIENCE, AND THE CAUTION OF LEARNING BRING WITH THEM. It would not be surprising if some who have led the way in the past are now regarding with grave anxiety the consequences of their own words, whose flight they cannot control.


"His gloriously visibility. Here's one rejoices our heart. 'We beheld His glory.' We saw Him. Oh I know there was a time when we looked on Christ and we didn't see any glory about Him, we passed Him by, didn't we? What does the bible say: 'He was despised and rejected of men, a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief, and we hid as it were our faces from Him, He was despised and we esteemed Him not.' We didn't care for Him. Then one day the Spirit of God put eye-salve upon our eyes and our eyes were opened, and we saw Him. 'His glory broke upon me when I saw Him from afar, and He's fairer than the lily, brighter than the morning star. He's all my fancy pictured in its fairest dreams and more, and each day He grows still sweeter than He was the day before.' 'Ten thousand charms around Him shine, but best of all I know He's mine.' We beheld His glory. And you know what happened to us. When we beheld that we had been changed."



Hear no sighting of his Church’s teaching authority, nor of papal or of episcopal prerogatives, no word against Mass or Catholic practices. Graham has no time for that; he is preaching only Christ and a personal commitment to Him. The Catholic, in my opinion will hear little if anything he cannot agree with. Perhaps occasionally a too literal interpretation of Scripture, will be heard or a too rigorous structure on gambling or drinking or smoking, but nothing against his faith."