[1]
GENERAL ASSEMBLY DECIDES: FORWARD TO UNION WITH ROME!

The Irish Presbyterian Church is to continue its pursuit of final re-union of all apostate churches and eventual assimilation in the Church of Rome. That is the real meaning of the vote taken by the General Assembly to remain in the World Council of Churches.

Of course compromisers like Rev. Donald Gillies will argue that this is not so and seek by a series of yearly postponements to keep the real issues clouded and covered.

This year, however, a definite decision was taken and we reproduce the minutes of the meeting when the final apostasy of the Church of Dr. Henry Cooke was sealed.

Continued on Page Nine.

[2]
HEAVEN A WORLD OF LOVE

An Extract from "Charity and Its Fruits" by JONATHAN EDWARDS.

That we may the better see how heaven is thus a world of holy love, I would consider, first, the great cause and fountain of love that is in heaven; second, the objects of love that it contains.

1. The cause and fountain of love in heaven. Here I remark that the God of love Himself dwells in heaven. Heaven is the palace or presence-chamber of the high and holy One, whose name is love, and who is both the cause and source of all holy love. God, considered with respect to His essence, is everywhere - He fills both heaven and earth. But yet He is said, in some respects, to be more especially in some places than in others. He was said of old to dwell in the land of Israel, above all other lands; and in Jerusalem, above all other cities of that land; and in the temple, above all other buildings in the city; and in the holy of holies, above all other apartments of the temple; and on the mercy-seat, over the ark of the covenant, above all other places in the holy of holies. But heaven is His dwelling place above all other places in the universe; and all those places in which He was said to dwell of old, were but types of this. Heaven is a part of creation that God has built for this end, to be the place of His glorious presence, and it is His abode for ever; and here will He dwell, and gloriously manifest Himself to all eternity.

And this renders heaven a world of love; for God is the fountain of love, as the sun is the fountain of light. And therefore the glorious presence of God in heaven, fills heaven with love, as the sun, placed in the midst of the visible heavens in a clear day, fills the world with light. The apostle tells us that "God is love;" and therefore, seeing He is an infinite being, it follows that He is an infinite fountain of love. Seeing He is an all-sufficient being, it follows that He is a full and overflowing and inexhaustible fountain of love. And in that He is an unchangeable and eternal being, He is an unchangeable and eternal fountain of love.

There, even in heaven, dwells the God from whom every stream of holy love, yea, every drop that is, or ever was, proceeds. There dwells God the Father, God the Son, and God the Spirit, united as one, in infinitely dear, and incomprehensible, and mutual, and eternal love. There dwells God the rather, who is the Father of mercies, and so the Father of love, who so loved the world as to give His only begotten Son to die for it.

There dwells Christ, the Lamb of God, the Prince of peace and of love, who so loved the world that He shed His blood, and poured [3] out His soul unto death for men. There dwells the great Mediator, through whom all the divine love is expressed towards men, and by whom the fruits of that love have been purchased, and through whom they are communicated, and through whom love is imparted to the hearts of all God's people. There dwells Christ in both His natures, the human and the divine, sitting on the same throne with the Father. And there dwells the Holy Spirit - the Spirit of divine love, in whom the very essence of God as it were flows out, and is breathed forth in love, and by whose immediate influence all holy love is shed abroad in the hearts of all the saints on earth and in heaven. There, in heaven, this infinite fountain of love - this eternal Three in One - is set open without any obstacle to hinder access to it, as it flows for ever. There this glorious God is manifested, and shines forth, in full glory, in beams of love. And there this glorious fountain for ever flows forth in streams, yea, in rivers of love and delight, and these rivers, swell, as it were, to an ocean of love, in which the souls of the ransomed may bathe with the sweetest enjoyment, and their hearts, as it were, be deluged with love! Again, I would consider heaven, with regard.

2. To the objects of love that it contains. And here I would observe three things:

(1) There are none but lovely objects in heaven. No odious, or unlovely, or polluted person or thing is to be seen there. There is nothing there that is wicked or unholy. "There shall in no wise enter into it anything that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination" (Rev. 21: 27). And there is nothing that is deformed with any natural or moral deformity; but everything is beauteous to behold, and amiable and excellent in itself. The God that dwells and gloriously manifests Himself there, is infinitely lovely; gloriously lovely as a heavenly Father, as a divine Redeemer, and as a holy Sanctifier.

All the persons that belong to the blessed society of heaven are lovely. The Father of the family is lovely, and so are all His children; the Head of the body lovely, and so are all the members. Among the angels there are none that are unlovely - for they are all holy; and no evil angels are suffered to infest heaven as they do this world, but they are kept for ever at a distance by that great gulf which is between them and the glorious world of love. And among all the company of the saints, there are no unlovely persons. There are no false professors or hypocrites there; none that pretend to be saints, and yet are of an unchristian and hateful spirit or behaviour, as is often the case in this world; none whose gold has not been purified from its dross; none who are not lovely in themselves and to others. There is no one object there to give offence, or at any time to give occasion for any passion or emotion of hatred or dislike, but every object there shall for ever draw forth love.

And not only shall all objects in heaven be lovely, but -

(2) They shall be perfectly lovely. There are many things in this world that in the general are lovely, but yet are not perfectly free from that which is the contrary. There are spots on the sun; and so there are many men that are most amiable and worthy to be loved, who yet are not without some things [4] that are disagreeable and unlovely. Often there is in good men some defect of temper, or character, or conduct, that mars the excellence of what otherwise would seem most amiable; and even the very best of men are, on earth, imperfect. But it is not so in heaven. There shall be no pollution, or deformity, or unamiable defect of any kind, seen in any person or thing; but every one shall be perfectly pure, and perfectly lovely in heaven. That blessed world shall be perfectly bright, without any darkness; perfectly fair, without any spot; perfectly clear, without any cloud. No moral or natural defect shall ever enter there; and there nothing will be seen that is sinful or weak or foolish; nothing, the nature or aspect of which is coarse or displeasing, or that can offend the most refined taste or the most delicate eye. No string shall there vibrate out of rune, to cause any jar in the harmony of the music of heaven; and no note be such as to make discord in the anthems of saints and angels.

The great God Who so fully manifests Himself there, is perfect with an absolute and infinite perfection. The Son of God, Who is the brightness of the Father's glory, appears there in the fulness of His glory, without that garb of outward meanness in which He appeared in this world. The Holy Ghost shall there be poured forth with perfect richness and sweetness, as a pure river of the water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. And every member of that holy and blessed society shall be without any stain of sin, or imperfection, or weakness, or imprudence, or blemish of any kind. The whole Church, ransomed and purified, shall there be presented to Christ, as a bride, clothed in fine linen, clean and white, without spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing. Wherever the inhabitants of that blessed world shall turn their eyes, they shall see nothing but dignity, and beauty, and glory. The most stately cities on earth, however magnificent their buildings, yet have their foundations in the dust, and their streets dirty and defiled, and made to be trodden under foot; but the very streets of this heavenly city are of pure gold, like unto transparent glass, and its foundations are of precious stones, and its gates are pearls. And all these are but faint emblems of the purity and perfectness of those that dwell therein. And in heaven -

3. Shall be all those objects that the saints have set their hearts upon, and which they have loved above all things while in this world. That they will find those things that appeared most lovely to them while they dwelt on earth; the things that met the approbation of their judgments, and captivated their affections and drew away their souls from the most dear and pleasant of earthly objects. There they will find those things that were their delight here below, and on which they rejoiced to meditate, and with the sweet contemplation of which their minds were often entertained; and there, too, the things which they chose for their portion, and which were so dear to them that they were ready for the sake of them to undergo the severest sufferings, and to forsake even father, and mother, and kindred, and friends, and wife, and children, and life itself. All the truly great and good, all the pure and holy and excellent from this world, and it may be from every part of the [5] universe, are constantly tending toward heaven. As the streams tend to the ocean, so all these are tending to the great ocean of infinite purity and bliss. The progress of time does but bear them on to its blessedness; and us, if we are holy, to be united to them there. Every gem which death rudely tears away from us here is a glorious jewel for ever shining there; every Christian friend that goes before us from this world, is a ransomed spirit waiting to welcome us in heaven. There will be the infant of days that we have lost below, through grace to be found above; there the Christian father, and mother, and wife, and child, and friend, with whom we shall renew the holy fellowship of the saints, which was interrupted by death here, but shall be commenced again in the upper sanctuary, and then shall never end. There we shall have company with the patriarchs and fathers and saints of the Old and New Testaments, and those of whom the world was not worthy, with whom on earth we were only conversant by faith. And there, above all, we shall enjoy and dwell with God the Father, Whom we have loved with all our hearts on earth; and with Jesus Christ, our beloved Saviour, Who has always been to us the chief among ten thousands, and altogether lovely; and with the Holy Ghost, our Sanctifier, and Guide, and Comforter; and shall be filled with all the fulness of the Godhead for ever!

THROUGH GREEN EYES
"If the foundations are destroyed, what can the righteous do?" - Psalm II : 3.

This is not the first age in which the principles which make up the foundations of our faith gradually were eaten away by silly and weak men who did not have the courage to contend for the faith once delivered to the called out saints." The churches do not fall apart under attacks from the outside, but they disintegrate when those on the inside mouth meaningless mews of "peace, peace, or, as in our day, "love, love!" People say they love their children, but they allow them to grow up without lacing them with God's powerful Word to discipline their lives. That's not love. God says He chastens us out of love. We ought to chasten our children out of love. In the same way, we are exhorted by our God to love one another - not by indulging each other in our sins, not by pretending not to see the sin we are committing and not by permitting the name of [6] Christ to be dishonoured a hundred times a day in our presence, without any protest from us - but God tells us that we should not allow sin on any brother, that we should warn and teach every man in all wisdom so that we may present every man perfect in Christ - as the apostle Paul told us to be followers of him, and that he did not cease to warn everyone night and day, warning them as beloved children. I, Jay Green, then say to you that for reasons known only to God, He has appointed me as a watchman on the wall, with strict instructions to warn you and all others He will send to me in regard to the Christian literature that today peoples our world. just as He told Ezekiel, He is telling me to speak to you even if you do not want to listen. It is HIS fire that burns in my bones, and if I did not give you any warning about the books which are stealing away the spiritual principles taught in our heritage, the Bible, then your blood would be on my hands. But if I warn you, and if you not only turn away your ear, but read me out of God's Kingdom because I have told you the truth as I see it, then your blood will be on your hands. And, not only that, but in every case where you by your actions, or by your words, take the sting out of the warning, you also will have the blood of others on your hands.

Without dutiful saints being concerned for each other, this world truly would be a jungle. As Dr. John Thornwell said long ago to the new Presbyterian Church of the U.S., "It is cruelty to man and treachery to Heaven to secure popular applause in this sophisticated age by employing soft words and honeyed phrases in discussing questions of everlasting importance. We cannot deal with error that strikes at the foundation of all human hope as if they were harmless and venial mistakes. We cannot bless when God disapproves, nor can we make apologies when He calls us to stand up like men and tell the truth as to what He says in His Word. Those who on such subjects attach more importance to the rules of courtesy than they do to the measures of truth do not defend the faith, but they betray it into the hands of its enemies. Love for Christ and for the souls of the men for whom He died will be the exact measure of our zeal in exposing the dangers by which those souls are ensnared."

To permit Robert Bratcher* and Ken Taylor† to steal the Words of God right out from under your noses is a great hurt to yourself and to all others who follow you they present you with the filthy rags of man's words, the shortened theology of man's thinking, openly admitting that they are "rewriting" God's Words, and suppressing the literal Words of God in order to "re-express" the "ideas" of God. Even if others sit languidly beholding this erosion of God's Word, I cannot. And I have spent nearly seven years of my life making a minute study, translating the Bible three times, and in all kinds of ways making certain that I do know which are God's Words and which are man's words. I warn you, as beloved brothers and sisters, that if you continue to recommend, distribute, or even just to permit the proliferation of these ungodly commentaries parading as "translations" or "paraphrases," you are going to be thoroughly ashamed of yourself when God confronts you with it.

If you want to see how ridiculous it is to [7] think that a "paraphrase" by a third party who does not have the same love for you that God has is just as good as the Words God actually wrote to you, do this: Write a letter to your wife, or someone who is so dear to you that you cannot stand to think of them not understanding how much you love them. Then hand this letter to a friend who knows you very well, one who loves you and would not do anything to hurt you, and ask him to paraphrase your letter and make it better express what you feel for the one you love with all your heart. Believe me, when you get back that paraphrase, you will once and for all be convinced that no one but you yourself can truly express your love to your loved one - you won't even own that letter another wrote for you, even if he carefully transferred "idea" for idea, etc. And if he wrote a better letter, from a literary standpoint, it would not be a better letter to your wife - simply because it would not be YOUR letter. So it is with paraphrases of the Bible, it is impossible to better express God's love and God's character and God's direction for your life than He Himself has expressed it. Is Ken Taylor actually a better writer of life-giving words than the Holy Spirit of God, the One Who actually uses that Word to give life? Perish the thought! I thank my God that my salvation does not depend on the words of men, but on the "Word of God that is living and powerful and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing apart of both soul and spirit, and of both the joints and marrow - and a judge of the thoughts and intentions of the heart" - Hebrews 4: 12. These paraphrases are neither living, nor powerful, nor sharp. They are misleading guides that will throw men in the ditch.

* Robert Bratcher is the paraphraser of ' "Good" News for Modern Man.'

† Ken Taylor is the paraphraser of 'The "Living" "Bible".'

JAY GREEN.

WORLD SURVEY OF RELIGIOUS NEWS

McINTIRE CHALLENGES GRAHAM

Dr. Carl McIntire, president of the International Council of Christian Churches, has challenged Billy Graham to a television debate on the U.S. President's program of peaceful co-existence with the Communists. The challenge came following Billy [8] Graham's press conference Wednesday morning, June 7, and his address that evening to the Southern Baptist Convention meeting in Philadelphia, in which he declared his full support for Nixon's peace program in his visit to Peking and Moscow. Graham said: "I am really thrilled with Nixon for going." He went further and indicated that he believed God's spirit that is moving in the world today led the President to attend a Baptist worship service while he was in Russia. Dr. McIntire, as president of the I.C.C.C., has called upon the President of the United States to apologise for going to what is well known to be a center and a cell for the operation of the Soviet secret police, the K.G.B. The K.G.B. agent who preached to Nixon that Sunday morning, May 28, has profusely praised the Soviet Union as filling the high ideals of the kingdom of God and establishing the kingdom of God society on earth.

W.C.C., ROMAN CATHOLIC CO-OPERATION URGED BY JOINT GROUP

Closer and more intensified co-operation between the Roman Catholic Church and the World Council of Churches has been called for by a joint working group of the two bodies which assembled in Rome on May 29 - June 2. The authoritative Ecumenical Press Service, the official news organ of the ecumenical movement, said:

"The group noted, however, that although membership in the W.C.C. is under active study by the Roman Catholic Church, it is not expected that such an application will be made in the near future." The meeting was co-chaired by Bishop Thomas Holland, Bishop of Salford (England), and Dr. Jose Miguez-Bonino of Buenos Aires (Argentina).

"To provide for more effective collaboration, the joint Working Group is to undertake a study of its own structure. But the study will not be based solely on structural questions. It will look at the wider issues such as: 'Where have the churches been led by the ecumenical movement? What are the major difficulties? What are the real priorities for the Roman Catholic Church, and the W.C.C., as they try to advance towards fuller expression of Christian unity and common witness?'

"A review was made of existing ecumenical activity. In particular, a discussion took place on Christian councils and councils of churches. Information will be put at the disposal of the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity in Rome, which is engaged in a study of ecumenical collaboration in regional, national, and local councils of churches and Christian conferences. Among the questions to be studied are the nature and meaning of the communion already existing among the churches. The group said there is no doubt 'that this communion has ecclesiastical reality. But how can it be expressed'?

"DEARTH OF TRUE RELIGION" IN AUSTRALIA

Members from the Presbyterian Reformed [9] Church in Loxton, South Australia, recently distributed special tracts calling on Christians to desist from profaning the worship of God and to return to Biblical Christianity.

This action came as a result of the Lutheran Church, noted for its conservatism in South Australia, having taken a step backward by holding a "Jesus Rock Festival" in Loxton featuring a prominent musical group that presents a "message" via religious-rock-folk songs interspersed with brief remarks offering a minimum of doctrinal content. It is supposed to be styled after the "Jesus Revolution" presentations in the United States, a feat which can only be accomplished by a watered-down gospel inconsistent with the Word of God.

Pointing out that there is a "great dearth of true religion," the tract distributors declared, "This awakens us more and more to the tragic way in which whole towns have been lulled to sleep by the soporific preaching of a dead Christianity, so that there is little awareness that the darkness of apostasy has engulfed the land."

NEW EVANGELICALS TURNING FROM KJV

The New Evangelicals are turning more away from the King James Version of the Bible. They have long accepted and backed the National Council's Revised Standard Version. Several of the New Evangelical leaders including Dr. Harold Lindsell, of 'Christianity Today' Dr. Harold John Ockenga, president of Gordon-Conwell Seminary, and Dr. Francis A. Schaeffer, who received an Honorary Doctor's degree from Dr. Ockenga's hand, were among 46 Bible scholars who came up with the conclusion that the American Standard Version is the most accurate, the Revised Standard Version the most scholarly, and the King James Version, the least to be desired. How a contrast can be made between the most accurate and the first in scholarship is rather difficult to understand, aside from the fact that in New Evangelical circles scholarship has become more and more an end in itself.

The claims of the National Council leaders, when their Bible was introduced, that it would replace the King James Version, have not been fulfilled. It has been interesting, however, to see that New Evangelical scholars enjoyed the commendation that comes from the liberals and their well-known dictum: "all scholars agree."

UNITY WITH ROME (Continued)

The Report of the Inter-Church Relations Board (Reopts, pp. 71-107) was submitted by the Rev. R. N. Brown.

The Moderator invited the Rev. E. Perret (W.R.A.C.) to address the House.

Moved by the Rev. R. N. Brown, seconded by the Very Rev. Dr. A. A. Fulton, and agreed: -

1. That the report be received.

Moved by the Rev. R. N. Brown, seconded by the Very Rev. Dr. A. A. Fulton: - [10]

2. That the General Assembly reaffirm its membership in the World Council of Churches.

Moved as an amendment by the Rev. D. Gillies, seconded by Mr. R. Lynn: -

That, before reaching any decision on membership in the World Council of Churches, the General Assembly commend for study the report to Presbyteries, Kirk Sessions and Church members in general, so that a justly considered and fully representative decision on this matter may be made at the next Assembly.

The Moderator declared the amendment lost.

The Resolution being put was declared passed.

Voting: For 219; Against 165.

The undersigned hereby record their dissent from the decision of the General Assembly in respect of membership of the World Council of Churches: -

R. J. Magee, Ivan A. McKay, A. Benjamin R. Clark, F. J. Kelly, Harold Boyce, Samuel Sands, Thomas Coey, William H. Peden, W. J. Shilliday, Nathaniel Rea, David Black, R. J. Bruce, W. W. Porter, John W. Lockington, William John Keefe, J. J. A. Rainey, Wm. Fleming, George Greer, J. Manderson, C. G. Chart, Charles Steele, Alfred Williamson, T. Andrew Moore, Eifion Evans, Robert G. A. Coffey, Ian McClean, Ernest J. Ferguson, George H. Moore, W. R. Lindsay, W. Patton, Robert J. McCrory, James W. Neilly, Samuel C. Murphy, Samuel B. Moles, George Dickinson, James Hollinger, Robert J. Coulter, H. Uprichard, George Johnston, W. C. Stewart, James Montgomery, Jas. G. McKeown, A. I. Jenkins. - Daily Minutes 17, Wednesday, 7th June, 1972.

It is interesting to note that the names of Rev. Donald Gillies and Rev. Martin Smyth are conspicuous by their absence from those

Continued on Page Fifteen.

FAITH AND VICTORY

Is anything more precious given to us in the place of the doctrine which is said to be obsolete, and is therefore to be scouted? By no means. The substitutes for Solomon's shields of gold are not made of diamond, but of brass, and that brass of a poor sort. The dishes of solid meat are removed from the table, and pottage of the most watery sort occupies the room - a pottage into which wild gourds have been shred, so that there is "death in the pot." The results patent to all, in many cases, are the decay of piety, the death of prayer-meetings, the frequenting of theatres and other places of amusement, lax morals, and a general worldliness of life. Need we go far to find Nonconformist churches which will never be accused of Puritanism, but might truthfully be called clubs for social, political, literary and sportive purposes? Of course, the provision of [11] amusements is judged to be laudable, and by no means a thing requiring to be defended; while the holding of bazaars, in which the stage itself is left in the rear, and Vanity Fair is outdone, is justified and commended. We have "Institutes" for youth, where the gambler tries his unaccustomed hand, and "sing-songs," where the frequenter of the low music-hall acquires his first taste for the comic and the loose. The more "liberal" the doctrine, the more free-and-easy the living. These are the new lamps which are offered us for the old. We are to barter away the gold of Ophir, and receive, in exchange, the mud of the Dead Sea. Will all professors have it so? Will the free churches be in the forefront of this mad movement towards the abyss?

It is cheering to believe that many have of late been braced up, and are recovering their footing. Testimony for the gospel is clearer from many pulpits than it was wont to be; for which may God be praised! In other cases the new system has worked itself out; and, aroused by the disastrous result, the people have returned to the truth which they once loved. The heart of the churches is in a great measure sound; and when chose who rule the hour are no longer able to silence the much-enduring people, there will be a return to the former beliefs, and this will be accompanied by a firmer adhesion to them in the future. Too much is it a fact that a clique is ruling, and the real voice of the people is unheard.

Be that as it may, believers must look well to the foundations. We need to have the fundamentals laid continually; and doctrines taken for granted must be once more Scripturally proved. More and more must faith renounce dependence upon the arm of flesh, and cling tenaciously to the Lord and His Word, without the admixture of other reliances. Nothing is to be done but to continue "steadfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord." There is one gospel, and if that be preached in the power of the one Spirit, it must accomplish the purposes of God. God will raise up His own champions. In the way of His Providence He will fight for His own cause. This is all we desire. Party we must have none; personal honour we must not consider; let truth become once more dear to Zion, and by whomsoever the Lord shall work the reformation, it sufficeth us.

If, for her sins, the present visible church shall be left to decline into death, it will be a heavy heart-sickness to the faithful; but even then they have no reason to despair. Out of the stones of Jordan God can raise up children unto Abraham. His purposes fail not. The end of the book of history will show His hand, even if in some of its pages His name be not readily discernible. If he was honoured who believed in Rome when her foes were within her walls, so shall he be who believes in the triumph of the faith when apparently overcome by the subtlest of her adversaries. In the most disastrous hour of the march of the army of the Lord, when the Amalekites are smiting the hindmost, he will do well who will take his stand, and hold his ground, and resolve to die beneath the arrows of ridicule rather than suffer harm to the ark of God. There is a faith which turns to flight the armies of the aliens. May we each one possess it now!

[12]
ROME'S PERSECUTION OF PROTESTANTS


Before He left them Jesus warned His disciples, "In the world ye shall have tribulation." This does not mean that they are to have any easy time. A false Christianity may attempt to live in luxury and reign like princes, but the pure faith will be persecuted. The Lord Himself was cast out by His compeers. The world of His day rejected Him. He found His end by execution as a common criminal. "The servant is not greater than his Lord. If they have persecuted Me, they will also persecute you . . . all these things will they do unto you for my name's sake, because they know not Him that sent Me" (John 15: 20, 21).

The whole history of the church has been one of persecution. It was so in the days of the apostles, so in the sub-apostolic times when the Roman Empire waged fierce persecution. Till the time of Constantine in the fourth century persecution was the order of the day from the Roman authorities. With the rise of the Papacy in the middle ages once more persecution was used against those who did not follow on with the false claims of the papal supremacy and teaching. A worldly church is not persecuted, but just let the clear gospel go forth and the opposition of the world, the flesh and the devil will be felt.

We were reading recently something about the history of the church in France and Italy. These are the lands where the papacy was strong and loathe to see its power thwarted. The name and suffering of the Waldenses are familiar to the reader of history, - the Waldenses, whose pedigree has been traced to the most primitive ages, showing that these churches have an apostolic origin. In 1147 the Pope sent missionaries to convert these faithful men, but failing that, resorted to bloodshed. From 1209 to 1211 crusades were conducted against the Waldenses, the Albigenses, the Cathari and such groups that withstood the papacy in the south of France and souls were slain by the thousands.

Once the Reformation got a foothold in that land persecution became the order of the day. In the reign of Francis I (1515-1547), Lefevre, an eminent preacher, and his friend Farel were heralds of salvation. When the king was taken prisoner in war, his mother appealed to the Pope as to how best to repress Protestantism. He recommended the inquisition and commanded that all "heretics" should be given to the secular power and burned to ashes.

Henry II was crowned in 1547, and at the time of the coronation of his queen, Catherine de Medici, two years later, part of the festivities was the burning piles of four Huguenots. Under the edict of Chateaubriand in 1551 heretics were given to the secular [13] powers to punish, their property confiscated, and no one was to hold government office unless he was a certified Roman Catholic. But the more the funeral piles blazed, the more the gospel spread. In May 1559 the first national synod of the French Protestant church met in Paris, secretly, for at that time the king avowed his purpose of pursuing the Reformed with fire and sword until he had exterminated them.

During the reign of Francis II, whose wife was Mary of Scotland, great confusion prevailed through conniving political parties, but Protestantism rapidly advanced so that about one tenth of the population was of that persuasion. This poor king died in his 17th year calling upon the virgin and saints to help him, promising to hunt heretics without pity. His successor was his brother, Charles IX, who was dominated by his mother Catherine, a zealous follower of the Pope. The Jesuits came on the scene to foment further persecution. In 1562 Protestants were granted freedom to worship in country districts, but prohibited in walled towns, and punishment for heretics was suspended. Massacres broke out in various parts of the country resulting in a civil war between the two factions. The house of Guise led the Roman Catholic side, while the Duke of Conde and the Admiral Coligny led the Protestant. A peace was effected in 1570 by which Protestants were to enjoy freedom of worship in two cities of each province and in all places where it had been already established. Coligny and other Protestant chiefs trusted this agreement and returned to court in the hope that wars were over.

THE ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S DAY MASSACRE

The queen mother Catherine de Medici and the house of Guise had tried war and had failed, so they tried another plan wholesale massacre. Charles IX by this time was twenty years old and a responsible individual. His mother proposed a marriage between her daughter, Margaret de Valois, and Henry of Navarre, the head of the Protestant princes. Behind the scenes, beside the queen mother, were the Pope and the king of Spain, Philip II, who was massacring Protestants in the Netherlands at the time, and who urged Catherine to do the same thing in France. Pope Pius V was devoted to wiping out "heretics" and sent money and soldiers to France to fight Huguenots, as Protestants were then called. He wrote to Catherine, "It is only by the entire extermination of heretics that the Roman Catholic worship can be restored."

The marriage was celebrated on the 18th of August, 1772, in a pavilion in front of the Cathedral of Notre Dame, to which the principal families of rank had been invited. The Protestant nobility were all lodged at the Louvre palace as guests of the king. Four days after the ceremony Admiral Coligny was shot at but not killed by a would-be assassin. As he lay at his home he was visited by the king and many Roman Catholic nobles, all protesting their abhorrence of such a deed. In less than 48 hours this same king would give express sanction to the murder of every Protestant in his dominions. The Protestant chiefs unarmed and [14] unprepared were at Paris, an intensely Roman Catholic city, and thus victims in the net. To close it up the queen mother and his brother urged the king to cover up the attempted assassination of Coligny by a general massacre of all the Protestants. At eleven o'clock on Saturday night, August 23, the mayor of Paris assembled the citizens who had previously been armed, and informed them that a horrible conspiracy had been discovered whereby the Huguenots planned to cut off the king, the royal family and the Roman Catholic faith. This put them in the mind for unlimited butchery. The signal for the massacre was to be the tolling of the great bell of the Palace of justice. Orders were also given that at the sound of the bell torches were to be placed in all the windows and that Roman Catholics for distinction should wear a white scarf on the left arm and a white cross on their hats.

At two o'clock on Sunday morning, August 24, the bell of St. Germain l'Auxerois tolled earlier than planned, but this was the signal, and soon all the bells in Paris were sending forth their peals. Coligny was the first struck down and with him the Protestant princes that were lodged in his home. Priests with crucifix in one hand and sword in the other ran hither and yon driving on the willing people to the hunt. The king himself is said to have fired on the wretched Huguenots. For several days the hideous carnival of murder went on, the priests inciting the maddened populace with precept and example. At the Louvre palace some 200 Protestant noblemen were hacked to pieces or poniarded as they were called out and their corpses piled in heaps at the palace gates. On the streets of the city furious bands rushed forth, knocked at the doors of Protestants. The terrified inmates, stunned by the uproar, came forth in their night-clothes and were murdered on their thresholds. Those who were too timid to come forth were slaughtered in their bedrooms and closets. The dark might have been a cover to some, but the torches blazing in the windows prevented that, and those who lacked the white scarf were easily sported.

Seven days the slaughter continued in Paris. Orders were also given to all provinces and cities where Protestants were found, and for two months these butcheries were continued. At Lyons not a Protestant escaped. 150 of them were shut up in the archbishop's house and were cut to pieces in an hour and a half.

It has been variously estimated how many perished in this massacre. Sully, prime minister to Henry IV (1589-1610), computed the number at 70,000. Others have put it higher, some less.

REACTIONS TO THIS MASSACRE

At Rome Pope Gregory XIII and his train of cardinals, bishops and clergy went to the church of St. Mark to offer prayers and thanksgivings. Three times he paraded in processions to different churches to offer thanks. Several medals were struck commemorating the event. In Scotland the dying John Knox summoned strength to go to his pulpit and thundered vengeance of the Lord against the king of France. He desired [15] Le Croc, the French ambassador, to tell his master that divine vengeance would never depart from him, nor from his house, if repentance did not follow; his name would remain an execration to posterity, and none proceeding from his loins would enjoy that kingdom in peace - a prophecy remarkably fulfilled. In Switzerland Theodore Beza, Calvin's successor proclaimed a day of general fasting and prayer and ordered it to be repeated every year on St. Bartholomew's day.

This year, on August 24, will mark the four hundredth year since that awful event. How many Protestant churches will commemorate the sacrifices made on the altar of Babylon, for is she not drunk with the blood of the saints and "with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus" (Rev. 17: 6)? These are the days when we have seen wholesale murders, genocides in fact, but they are perpetrated by those who have no affiliation nor regard for Christian teaching or profession. Mao has slain more Christians than Hitler did Jews, but both are birds of a feather. The followers of Marx and Lenin have killed their millions and tortured as many more. But for a so-called Christian Organisation to do similar work is inexcusable. Rome has never repented of these crimes, nor ever will. Protestants need to beware of her siren voice of ecumenism, for the kind of ecumenism she contemplates is a return to her fold. Only the other week did we notice that the Pope, after the assault of a semi-mad man upon a famous statue at the Vatican, the Pieta, a statue of the virgin, went and bowed before it in prayer, an open transgression of the second commandment. The idol was broken, nevertheless the Pope must bow before it. "Little children, keep yourselves from idols" (I John 5 : 2 1).

UNITY WITH ROME (Continued)

recording their immediate dissent.

At the same session of the Assembly it was agreed without a vote amongst other things :

10. That ministers and congregations be encouraged to pray for the unity of all Christian people, particularly during the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity and/or the special time for prayer sponsored by the Evangelical Alliance. - Daily Minutes 18.

THE UNITY WEEK FOUNDERS

This week of prayer for so-called Christian unity is papist in its objectives. It was commenced in 1908 by two High Anglican clergy. One of these a man calling himself "Father" Wattson, and founder of an order calling itself the Society of the Atonement, in 1909 joined the Roman Catholic Church. The objective of the week was clearly stated. Its declared intentions were, and I quote from the founder's own statement: "Recognition by all Christians of the Chair of Peter as the divinely constituted Centre of Unity." [16]

So the first week of prayer for so-called Christian Unity, of which the weeks of prayer in January each year since have been the successors, was founded with the objective of praying for recognition of and unity with the Church of Rome as the one true church. The Presbyterian, Episcopal and Methodist clergy will not of course make known to their congregations the declared intention and principal objective for which this week of prayer was inaugurated.

The Church of Rome soon realised that the intention of this week of prayer was too forthright and that Protestants could hardly be expected to join enthusiastically in such praying. So a French priest, Abbe Paul Couturier (1881-1953), realising the great potential of this week of prayer, if it were made more Palatable to Protestants, relegated the objective of union with Rome to the background, and by clever Jesuitical window-dressing presented the week of prayer as a week in which all Christians pray for unity one with another. Having won over the Protestants to pray in this manner he saw the potential in the week for slowly but surely injecting the whole exercise with the leaven of Romanism. Where the originators failed Couturier succeeded and today we have the Protestants actually praying for the very objective originally aimed at in 1908 - union with Rome.

The real intention of Couturier is demonstrated in the following summing up of his character and work by the Anglican monk Ney:

"Indeed, I am convinced that it was precisely because his faith in all the Roman Church teaches was so deep and strong that he saw so clearly that the more his separated brethren deepened their hold on and lived by the truths they believed in common with the Roman Church the more eager they would he for reunion with her."

By resolution of the Assembly Irish Presbyterians are encouraged to actually pray for "recognition by all Christians of the Chair of Peter as the divinely constituted Centre of Unity."

Think of it Irish Presbyterians praying for unity with the Pope.

The Command of Scripture, The Word of God is plain and its instruction crystal clear in such circumstances:

Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers; for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? And what communion hath light with darkness?

And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?

And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will he their God, and they shall he my people.

Wherefore come out from among them, and he ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you.

And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.

II Cor. 6, verses 14-18.