Archbishop of Canterbury calls for "Immediate and Full Unity with Rome"

The real nature of the Ecumenical Movement is now manifest. The Archbishop of Canterbury, preaching at the Roman Catholic Westminster Cathedral, called for full and urgent unity with Rome and thus exposed the real objectives of the ecumenical dialogue - one world church headed by the Pope and the Roman Communion.

By so doing the Archbishop forswore himself and publicly repudiated the doctrines of the 39 Articles and betrayed the Reformation heritage of the Protestant Church of England by law established.

The pursuit of the Archbishop's objectives would destroy Her Majesty's Coronation Oath and the Protestant Succession to the British Throne.

Coggan is totally unworthy of the trust committed to him and if he were honest he would resign and join the Church of Rome as a sincere convert.

Report from "The Times," London, 26/l/78:

With one of the most urgent and emphatic appeals for church unity ever heard, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Coggan, challenged the Roman Catholic Church to enter into full communion with the Church of England immediately.

Dr. Coggan, speaking in Westminster Cathedral in the presence of Cardinal Hume, came to the very brink of encouraging

Continued Page 16

Entering 1978 with God
A Sermon preached at the Watchnight
Service in the Martyrs Memorial Church by IAN R. K. PAISLEY

I have been much in prayer and in meditation for a suitable text to leave with you as we end the old year. And as I was meditating upon the Word, my mind was directed to the 26th verse of the third chapter of Proverbs. Proverbs 3:26, "For the Lord shall be thy confidence, and shall keep thy foot from being taken."

There are three things in this text, simple and yet of utmost importance.


First of all this text tells us there is a great conspiracy against us. That is suggested in the words "thy foot shall not be taken." So there must be traps, snares, nets, pitfalls prepared for our feet. There is a great conspiracy against us.


Secondly, in this text there is a gracious covenant God for us. For if you took at the word LORD, you will find in your Authorised Version it is spelt in small capitals, that means, in the original Hebrew, "JEHOVAH, the Covenant God." So there is a great conspiracy against us, but there is a gracious covenant God for us.


Lastly, there is a glorious confidence within us. Because this text says, "For the Lord shall be thy confidence."


First of all, let us think of the great conspiracy that is against us.

There are three words you need to keep in mind. Enmity, first of all. Treachery, second. Third, Strategy. Keep those three words in your mind.


We have a tremendous foe, a foe that never sleeps and never slumbers. The dragon, that old serpent; Satan, the Devil himself. What terrible enmity the Devil churns out against the people of God. We have seen it in this year.

I was looking back, over the year, on some notes I made, and some sermons I preached and some speeches I made. The Devil in 1977, he churned up his enmity against the people of God. I remember preaching a sermon here one Lord's Day morning, when things were very bleak and black on "Nevertheless afterwards." We were going through the dark valley. Enmity!


Aye, and we have a treacherous nature within us, the old man. We have Adam's nature. "The flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh, and these two are contrary the one to the other." And I tell you there is something within each one of us that would betray us tonight to the Devil, it is only when we get the old man on the Cross, and, thank God, the sentence of death was passed on Him at Calvary, it is only as we reckon ourselves dead indeed unto sin and unto [3] God that we can conquer this treachery. "Even of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things to draw away disciples after them." We will all experience treachery down the road.

How many a good friend has sharpened a knife in the shadows and stuck it into our back when we were up against it. We have all experienced that. And our hearts are sad tonight because of the defection of many who once stood with us.


We need not to be ignorant of the Devil's devices. He has laid a net for your feet, sir, in the coming year. He has laid a net cleverly concealed for my feet. He has his snares all prepared for the first day of 1978.

He has got the trap baited for us. He has been working overtime, he has not succeeded in getting us down in '77, but he plans and schemes to get us down in '78. Strategy! Let us not be ignorant of the Devil and his devices.

Keep those three words in your mind; Enmity, Treachery and Strategy.

There is a conspiracy against us!


Let me tell you, there is a gracious Covenant God for us. You know, that word LORD is a most interesting word. Turn over to the first chapter of Genesis. Did you ever notice that in the first chapter of Genesis the word "LORD" is never mentioned. It is "GOD" "Elohim" in the Hebrew - the Creator. But when you come to chapter two and you come to verse four, it is the "LORD GOD" "JEHOVAH-ELOHIM." Why? Because God is now entering into a new relationship. Sin is going to come in, and there is going to be redemption from sin and a covenant God is going to reveal Himself. So if you go down chapter two, you will find in verses four, five, seven, nine, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21 and 22 and 23, the word "LORD GOD." Then when you come to chapter three, you will find the name -"THE LORD GOD." The person that does not call Him LORD, in the chapter, is the Devil. The Devil calls Him "God." Mark it carefully. And when the Devil spoke to Eve, she did not call Him the LORD GOD. She called Him God. Because the ungodly and the Devil do not know Him as a covenant God. Why is He called the LORD GOD? Because He the some Person Who created is the One Who redeems.

When you come to chapter four, He is just called the LORD. So that there would be no mistake in anybody's mind that the Creator is the Redeemer, that the One Who makes us is the One Who saves us, that the One Who made man of the dust of the earth, redeems man by the Blood of His Dear Son. He is called the LORD GOD.

Thank God the covenant God is for us. "If God be for us, who can be against us?" And I am glad that God is for us. If God had not been for this church it would never have been built. If He had not been for this old preacher, he would not be standing here tonight rejoicing with the joy of the Lord in his soul. If God had not been for us we would have perished long since. But, bless God, we have a covenant God for us. He will never let us down. A Covenant God!

Maybe you have passed through the dark valley my brother, and you have discovered in your hour of bereavement, then God took your loved one, that He was a covenant God. He did not fail you. [4] He did not let you down then, and as you stood in the shadows you put out your hand, and standing somewhere in the shadows you found Jesus. "He is the same yesterday, today and forever."

You passed through an experience in 1977 and you never had it before in all your life. It was a new experience, and the fiery trial tried you. But what happened? You found that Jesus never fails. But I want to tell you, the heavens can pass away, and the earth can pass away, but Jesus never fails. You can go out into 1978 and you can laugh in the face of Hell, and smile in the face of the Devil as you can go sailing Home, for with Christ in the vessel, you'll smile at the storm, as you go sailing Home.

The conspiracy, the great conspiracy against us, but, thank God, there is a gracious covenant God for us.


Then look at this. There is a glorious confidence within us.

You see, when the bomb is laid there goes in the expert and he diffuses the bomb and then when the bomb is diffused the soldiers can take up their duties and go forward.

There is a veritable minefield. It has been laid by the Devil and his crowd for 1978. And if I would go out into that minefield with my own wisdom, my own skill, I would put my foot on a mine, and I would reap disaster. But I am glad that Jesus Christ has walked the minefield of 1978. He has already diffused every bomb. He has already dealt with every Devil's snare and every one of the Devil's nets. I am glad He says to me, "Go forward. I have dealt with all things."

You see, when the Good Shepherd putteth forth His own sheep He goeth before them. So before the Christian's foot steps on a bit of ground in 1978, the foot of Jesus has already stepped there. I will look down and I will see the nail-printed foot-marks of my Blessed Lord, and I will know that all is well.


There may come darkness in 1978 by the look of things in this country and by the politicians we have in this country there will be darkness. Yes and by the look of the Bishops and the Cardinals, and the Pope and the machinations of the World Council of Churches, and the old rotten Devil's agents that run the apostasy, it will be a tough year. But, thank God, Jesus has gone before. And I do not care what happens in 1978, I know that nothing can happen to me outside God's will. He will take us through.

This church may pass under great fire, and it might be the toughest year that we ever had. This could be the toughest year that I ever preached on this road, I do not know, but I know that with Christ in my heart, what have I got? I have got the hope of glory, that is what I have.

This week a dear brother gave me a tape of my father preaching away back in 1958, at the Easter Convention down in our old church down the road. I sat and listened to that tape twice. I think three times I have heard it now. My father said, as he finished his message, quoted that text in (You should look it up and mark it in your Bible. It will do you good as you go out into this year). Colossians 1:27, "Christ in you, the hope of glory." And he mentioned that that word in the original is "the guarantee of glory." I have been studying Colossians chapter one and I notice that [5] that word occurs three times. Three is the number of completion in the Bible. (I told you I had no time to preach this sermon. I wish I had another hour to do it). But let me show you it. Colossians 1:5, "For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven."

Brother, I have got a hope in heaven. Wee Mr. Mason has some hopes for the future. Bless God I have got a hope in heaven. Oh, what hope we have in heaven. "Which hope we have is as an anchor of the soul, sure and steadfast, (Listen to it!) that entereth into that within the veil." What is Paul talking about? I will tell you what he is talking about.


In the old days of the sailing vessels, when the sailing vessel had a wind that was blowing against it, it could not get over the tide at the harbour bar. What did they do? They put down a little boat and they put the anchor into the little boat, and the little boat rowed right in with the anchor into the inner harbour. Then the sailors got out and they buried the anchor in the rocks. Then the old windlass was used and the sailors ran round the deck pushing the windlass. And as the rope tightened, the anchor pulled the vessel into the inner harbour.

I tell you friend, Christ is my Hope, He is my anchor. He has got a cable, a cable that was made by the blessed crimson cord of His Blood on the Cross, and He has got it around me. And, thank God, the Holy Ghost is pulling in the windlass and I am getting nearer to Heaven, and nearer to Home and nearer to God.

Some days, I want to tell you, when I am studying and praying and lifting my heart to God, I would just like to go but the Lord says, "It is better for you to remain. Your work is not finished." But one day He is going to say, "Go" and I am going to go. You will not have a preacher here. I wonder what sort of character you will call when I am gone. I often think of Who will follow me? For one day I will be in the Glory Land, and so will you, and we are going to have a Watchday Service for all Eternity. We are going to watch Jesus in the middle of the Throne.

Are you not glad you are saved? Are you not glad you are born again? Are you not glad you are on the road to Heaven? I am glad I am on the road to Heaven. I am the happiest person in this meeting. I am saved by the grace of God!


Maybe there is someone here and you are not saved, you do not know my Saviour. Let me tell you good news. You can meet Him tonight. The Lord Jesus Christ is here. We have not a robed choir here, but we know the new song. We have not the sophistication of religious ceremonial here. Praise God, we have got Jesus in our heart, and we are just worshipping God out of a full heart. Will you come to Christ, man, tonight? And as we are going to have a wee word of prayer and end the old year in prayer, you can lift your heart in that seat, tonight, to heaven and you know what you can do? You can say from the depths of your soul, "Lord Jesus, I am coming, I am coming to you." You know what He will do? He will take you in. [6]

Mr. Nicholson used to say, "It was the best take in he will ever get. You get many a take in in life, but here is a take in, to be taken in to Jesus." Do you remember the day brother He took you in? Say "Amen." Yes, He took you in to Jesus. He did indeed, and old things passed away, and behold all things become new. Do you remember the way you used to end your old year? In a pub, in a club, among the old things of the world. You are not there tonight, you are in God's house.

Man, if they had told you ten years ago that you would be listening to Paisley you would have said, "Feel your head." Aye, you would! But the Lord has done something for you, He has done something in your heart. The world does not know anything about it. But, thank God, the Lord has done it.

I am glad I am a preacher of the gospel. I am glad I am not in the World Council of Churches. I am glad I am free to preach Christ.

May God bless our souls!


Digest of Protestant History (Chapter Five) - COURIERS OF THE

It is an indisputable fact that God never leaves Himself without a witness. In the darkest night of the Church's history a witness light always shines. . .

The diocese of Milan which resisted Roman supremacy and was only forced into subjection to the Popedom under Nicholas II (1059-1061) included within its boundaries the plain of Lombardy, the Alps of Piedmont and the southern provinces of France.

In this vast diocese, because of the lateness of its submission to Rome, the corruptions of the gospel were not as speedily manifested.

The famous bishop of Milan, Ambrose who died in A.D. 397 held a doctrinal position essentially the same as Bible Protestants hold today.

1. The Bible was the sole rule of faith and practice.

2. Christ alone was the foundation of the Church.

3. Sins were forgiven only through the Sacrificial Blood of Christ.

4. The sinner was justified by Faith ALONE.

5. Baptism and the Lord's Supper were the only two sacraments and in the Supper the elements were figurative only.

Although the superstitions of Rome slowly infiltrated the diocese the cardinal doctrines of the gospel were still maintained.

In the 9th century the mantle of Ambrose fell with double power upon Claudius, Archbishop of Turin. With a soul alight with evangelistic flame he went forth preaching Bible doctrine in the power of the Holy Ghost. Especially in the Waldension valleys of his archdiocese did his message have lasting effects. Where his voice could not reach his written message could. So he wielded his pen like a sword in defence of the New Testament message.

He maintained that Christ alone in heaven was the Sole King and only head of the Church and that there was no Sovereign Head of the Church on earth. Peter was not the chief of the apostles - his only superiority was that he first preached the gospel to the Jews at Pentecost and to the Gentiles in Cornelius' household. Salvation rests not on human merit but on faith alone. He repudiated prayers for the dead, the infallibility of the Church and the authority of tradition.

His view of the Lord's Supper was similar to that of Ambrose. His great battle with Rome was, however, fought over the worship of images. He refuted with his pen the very some arguments which Rome today puts forward for the worship of images. He maintained that such worship was a direct violation of the second commandment and therefore blatant idolatry. With deep sarcasm he says of these Romish idolaters, "Let them adore asses for Christ rode on an ass."

He pointed out that the apostolic succession consists not in sitting upon a so-called chair of an apostle but rather in preaching and practising apostolic doctrine.

Claudius did not stand alone. The Church Council at Paris (824) justified most of his principles. This goes to show that the Church of Rome at that time [8] was not the Universal Church she claims to be nor The Church but only one of many churches.

No wonder Rev. J. A. Wylie in concluding his history of this section of Church History states: "Emphatically, the power which moulded the Gothic nations and planted among them the seeds of religion and virtue was - CHRISTIANITY - that same Christianity which apostles preached to men in the first age, which all the ignorance and superstition of subsequent time had not quite extinguished, and which, with immense toil and suffering dug up from under the heaps of rubbish that had piled above it, was anew, in the 16th century given to the world under the name of PROTESTANTISM."

Hetty Hylands (Martyrs Memorial Free Presbyterian Church)
Student at Redcliffe Missionary Training

I was not brought up in a Christian home, but through the faithful teaching of Mount Merrion Free Presbyterian Church, I was shown the way of salvation at an early age. One night in the children's meeting the Rev. Fred Greenfield preached on "be sure your sin will find you out." Since that night that Scripture constantly kept coming to my thoughts. At the age of 14 I accepted the Lord Jesus as my own and personal Saviour. But unfortunately after a short while I started to backslide and fall into the things of the world. The more I sought for pleasure in the world the more unhappy I became. Nowhere could I find the peace and joy that my soul longed for.

It was through the silent testimony of a Christian girl where I worked that I realised that Christ and Christ alone was the only hope for my life. I asked Him to forgive me for all the sins which I had committed against Him. Praise God He did and I had the assurance of His promise in John 10:27-29.

Not long after I was restored I started to seek the Lord's will in my life. One Sunday I stayed behind after the Bible class and spoke to Mr. Newman. I told him that I wanted to serve the Lord more in my life and wanted to know the fulness of the Holy Spirit. He pointed me to Romans 12:1-2 and explained to me how I needed to lay my life on the altar for the Lord, which I did.

The next thing I needed to know was - did the Lord want me in full time service? After a lot of heart searching I asked the Lord for a definite seal.

A few nights later Doctor Wendell Zimmerman was speaking in the Martyrs. He spoke on "The Great Wine Press of God's Wrath." He quoted Matt. 21:28, "Son go work today in my vineyard." I knew without a shadow of a doubt the Lord had spoken to me and called me.

As a result of my calling I started a two year course at Radcliffe Missionary Training College in London on the 26th September, 1977. 1 have now completed my first term and as I look back I can see the Lord's hand upon me. How true is God's Word when it says "I can do all things through Christ Who strengtheneth me." [9]

The Apostasy of Billy Graham

In "McCalls" magazine of January, 1978, Dr. Billy Graham has a lengthy interview. This is most revealing as he now repudiates his former Scriptural position of Salvation by Christ alone and demonstrates his movement towards Rome and the One World Church of the Antichrist. We reproduce below part of the article.

Indeed, the area of greatest change in Billy's life has been in his attitude towards religion. Of course, Graham's essential message has not changed: He still preaches that all men are sinners and in need of conversion to Christ. But much as he thrives on large audiences for his crusades, Billy and his aides no longer trumpet the numbers of "conversions" that follow his sermons. In those televised silent moments, where Graham is seen praying after his appeal for decisions for Christ, Billy says that "I don't even give a thought any more as to whether five or five thousand people come forward. All I care about is whether I have done the very best I can to explain as simply as I can what it means to be a Christian. The cost of Christian discipleship is coming more and more into my message now. This is where I think I failed in my earlier ministry - I didn't emphasise enough what it costs to follow Christ. That's something I've learned from travelling to other countries and from my American critics."


Graham confesses that he has taken a more modest view of his own role in God's plan for man. "I used to play God," he acknowledged, "but I can't do that any more, I used to believe that pagans in far-off countries were lost were going to hell - if they did not have the Gospel of Jesus Christ preached to them. "I no longer believe that," he said carefully. "I believe that there are other ways of recognising the existence of God - through nature for instance - and plenty of other opportunities, therefore, of saying , 'yes' to God."

In recent years Graham has shown particular affection for Jews. Like most Christian Fundamentalists, Graham once believed that Jews, too, were lost if they did not convert to Christianity. Today Graham is willing to leave that up to God. "God does the saving," Graham asserts. "I'm told to preach Christ as the only way to salvation. But it is God Who is going to do the judging not Billy Graham."

Billy is particularly opposed to evangelical groups such as "Jews for Jesus" who have made Jews the special target of their proselytizing efforts. "If a person wants to convert to Christianity, that is his own freewill decision," Billy declares. "I would never go after someone just because he is a Jew, which is why I have never supported the Jewish missions." In return for his hands-off attitude, Graham has won the friendship of many Israelis. El-Al Airlines occasionally shows Billy Graham films on its flights to Israel and, on a more personal level, Israeli leaders such as ex-Premier Goldo Meir have embraced him as a warm personal friend. [10]


At the same time, Billy concedes, "I am far more tolerant of other kinds of Christians than I once was. My contact with Catholic, Lutheran and other leaders - people for removed from my own Southern Baptist tradition - has helped me, hopefully, to move in the right direction. I've found that my beliefs are essentially the some as those of orthodox Roman Catholics, for instance. They believe in the Virgin Birth, and so do I. They believe in the blood atonement of the cross, and so do I. They believe in the Resurrection of Jesus and the coming judgment of God, and so do I. We only differ on some matters of later church tradition."


Would he, I wanted to know, accept an invitation to preach in Rome if it were offered to him? Graham's surprising answer was that he was invited to preach there five years ago by the handful of Protestant churches in Rome. What's more, he has received word through his friend the Papal Nuncio to Belgium that the Vatican would not be opposed to a Graham Crusade in Rome. "Then why didn't you go?" I asked. "The facilities aren't good," was his businesslike response. "All they have is a sports arena outside Rome that holds only 18,000 people. But I did look at the Roman Coliseum. If they could fix that up and make it safe, I think I'd go."

That isn't likely to happen. More likely is a Graham Crusade in the Soviet Union within the next decade. Billy isn't saying much about his chances, but he admits that he has talked to Russian Baptists about the possibilities. "Some of the greatest Christians in the world," he allowed, "are in the Soviet Union today. They're unknown to us, but they are known to God."

Whether or not Graham is ever invited to the USSR, he has already come a long way from his early days as a hellfire Southern Baptist preacher. He has come even further from his anti-Communist tirades of the '50s and has learned from his cosy relationships with Presidents. Most of all, he seems to have learned from his own wife and family how to be more tolerant. Billy's best days may still we ahead of him, now that he is no longer willing to play God. [11]

Ecumenical Propaganda on Ulster

The following was issued by the British Council of Churches for the Week of Prayer for Church Unity. Notice no prayers for the Queen or the Security Forces. These were left out because of their unacceptability to the Irish Roman Catholic Hierarchy.


In 1976 we made a joint request for prayers for Northern Ireland, connected with the Week of Prayer for World Peace. This request was widely appreciated, and the invitation is now being renewed.

In prayer, we put ourselves in the position of children asking our Father to give us what we need. In drawing closer to Him, God can change us, and make us more like Christ, children bearing His likeness. As our love grows, we shall better, understand our neighbour's problems, help him, and share with him, with more of Christ's love.

As well as deepening our love, prayer is an act of faith and hope. In prayer, we recognise the goodwill, patience and determination of more and more people in the community striving for genuine reconciliation and a just and acceptable system of government. In prayer we see God is at work however intractable the problems, so we pray confidently that people and leaders in Northern Ireland will be given the insight, the will and courage to act for the common good.

Prayer too is an acknowledgement of our involvement. Christians in Britain increasingly understand the responsibility we have for the present tragic situation with all its historical roots. Through prayer, we seek ways in which people in Britain and Ireland can build up new relationships, face common problems and together contribute to the needs of others.

Donald Cantuar
President, British Council of Churches

+George Patrick Dwyer
President ' Roman Catholic Bishops' Conference

Morgan J Williams
Moderator, Free Church Federal Council


Leader: In the Kingdom of Christ Mercy and faithfulness have met

People: Justice and peace have embraced

Father, we pray for Northern Ireland,
Its politicians and its people:
For the imagination and the will
So to seek reconciliation and justice
As to find stable government and peace.

In the Kingdom of Christ
Mercy and faithfulness have met
Justice and peace have embraced
As the Holy Spirit worked at first,
Breaking down the dividing wall [12] 
Between Jew and Gentile,
Creating one new humanity in Christ;
So, Father, we pray that by the same Spirit
Catholics and Protestants
May find in Christ the freedom
To share with one another
And to care for each other.

In the Kingdom of Christ
Mercy and faithfulness have met
Justice and peace have embraced

Father, we confess that for centuries
We have sinned against your love
By many acts of exploitation and revenge,
Injustice and retaliation.
Give grace, we pray, today
To the peoples of Britain and Ireland
That respecting each other
We may make a better life together
Within the wider community of mankind.

In the Kingdom of Christ
Mercy and faithfulness have met
Justice and peace have embraced

Holy Spirit, dwell in our churches,
Our towns and our homes;
Subdue our violence
And banish all envy and fear.
Give us peace and love
Give us peace and love
In our hearts and on our streets
, . . .
Through Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace.


From John Gill (1697-1771) on Song of Solomon 8:7.

"Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it."

In these words the commendations of love, which is represented as inextinguishable; many "waters cannot quench it, neither can the floods drown it."

I. I shall first consider the words as they may be expressive of the excellency of Christ's love, which is inextinguishable and insuperable; it cannot be quenched by many waters, nor drowned by all the floods.

1. Of sin and corruption, which have overflowed all human nature; for "all have sinned and come short of the glory of God" like a mighty torrent, or rather inundation, sin has entered into the world, and brought death along with it, upon all the posterity of Adam. It has drowned them in destruction and perdition, as all hurtful and foolish lusts do.

Now the elect of God themselves are not exempted from this universal deluge. But though these waters of sin have come into their souls and overrun all the powers and faculties thereof, yet they have not extinguished Christ's love towards them, nor in the least alienated His affections from them. It is true, when He first loved them, He saw them in all that glory and perfection which His Father designed to bring them to, and which [13] they will appear in in another world; yet when the great council was held concerning their redemption. They were presented to Him as plunged into the depths of sin and misery, which was so far from setting His heart against them that it rather moved His pity and compassion for them, and gave Him an opportunity of showing the exceeding greatness of His love towards them. For upon this, He readily and cheerfully became their Surety, engaged to assume their nature, lay down His life for them, and thereby satisfy law and justice in their room and stead; all which agreements were to a tittle made good by Him in the fulness of time, for all the elect of God, notwithstanding their after-fall in Adam and their actual rebellion against Him, as they appeared upon the stage of the world; nay, though their innumerable evils compassed Him about like floods of water, and brought death and the curse upon Him; these being imputed to Him, and laid upon Him by His Father, and with which, standing charged by divine justice, He suffered to the uttermost that they deserved; yet His love continued the same towards His people, for, "having loved His own which were in the world, He loved them to the end." For,

2. By these "waters and floods," may be meant the several afflictions and sufferings which Christ underwent for the sins of His own people; by which they are expressed, Psalm 69: 1, 2, where Christ is introduced thus speaking, "Save Me, O God, for the waters are come in unto My soul; I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing; I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow Me." Hence it is, that His sufferings are called a baptism, in Luke 12:50; under which may be comprehended these following things:

i. "The floods of ungodly men," which compassed Him about; some of whom reviled Him, others spit upon Him, others buffeted Him, others crucified Him, and pierced His hands, feet and side; yet His love to His people remained firm and unconquerable. Nay, though the whole infernal posse of devils was let loose upon Him, and exercised all their rage and cunning; yet as neither "life nor death," that is, all His sufferings both in life and death, could separate His people from His love, so neither could angels, wicked angels, nor "principalities and powers."

ii. Floods of reproaches were poured into His bosom on the account of His birth, parentage and education, His public ministry, the miracles which He wrought, and the free, courteous and affable conversation He used with sinners. He was spit upon in Pilate's hall, and mocked at when upon the cross in the utmost misery; yet He bore all this "contradiction of sinners against Himself" with an uncommon patience, despising all the shame that attended these reproaches, for the "joy that was set before Him," of having all His people with Him in glory.

iii. The vials of His Father's wrath were also poured forth upon Him; for though, as God's Son, He was always the object of His love, yet as the sinner's Surety, suffering in their room and stead, He was "cast off and abhorred" for God was wroth with His anointed or Messiah. "Terrors took hold on Him as waters," when divine wrath fell upon Him, He "began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; His soul became exceeding sorrowful unto death His sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground." Then was it that "the waters began to come into His soul," which kept flowing in until the measure was quite [14] filled up. Yet all these waters and floods could not quench or drown His love towards His people. His affections to them, as well as His regard to His Father's will in their salvation, continued the same; as appears from those words of His to His Father, in the midst of His agony, "Not My will, but Thine be done."

iv. All the sorrows and sufferings of Christ, from His cradle to His cross, may be included herein; for His whole life was one continued series of suffering, which ended in an accursed and ignominious death, to which He voluntarily submitted; that so His people might be set free by justice, and delivered from death and condemnation.

3. As the love of Christ cannot be extinguished and overcome by all the waters and all the floods of sin and corruption in them, nor by all the sorrows and sufferings which He has under-gone in His own person for their sins; so neither can it, by all their water-floods and billows of sufferings and afflictions which pass over His members. These indeed make them appear mean and abject in the eye of the world, and render them the object of their scorn and contempt. Yet nevertheless, though the sun of persecution has looked upon them and made them black, they are comely in Christ's eye; His heart is not set against them, nor His love alienated from them upon that account; for when they "pass through such waters," He will be with them; nay, He chooses, approves of, and delights in them when "in the furnace of affliction," and will purify them thereby; so that though they "have lain among the pots," and are become black and sooty, yet they "shall be as the wings of a dove, covered with silver, and her feathers with yellow gold." . . .

II. I shall now proceed to consider these words as they may be expressive of the church's love to Christ; which also is inextinguishable and insuperable. It cannot be quenched nor drowned by many waters, nor all the floods.

1. Of wicked and ungodly men; the people and nations oft he world, who are frequently compared to many waters; see Isa. 17:12, 13; Rev. 17:1, 15. So most of the Jewish writers understand them here; for the nations of the world and the great men thereof, have not been able, either by force or flattery, by cruel edicts or fair promises, to alienate the church's love from Christ, nor tempt her to desert His cause and interest.

2. It cannot be quenched nor drowned by all the waters and floods of persecutions, which wicked men, by the instigation of Satan, have brought upon the people of God. Thus we read, in Rev. 12:15, that the serpent, which is the devil, "cast out of his mouth water as a flood, after the woman," which is the church, "that he might cause her to be carried away of it." By which flood, cast out of the serpent's mouth, must be meant either a flood of heresies brought into the church to disturb her and draw her off from Christ, her Head, through the cunning craft of Satan; or else a flood of persecutions, introduced by wicked and ungodly men, through his instigation, in order to affright, scare and turn her aside from the pure ways of Christ, but all in vain; for, "Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors, through Him that loved us." Nay, death itself, attended with the most exquisite torments and barbarous cruelties that hell can [15] devise, cannot do it; for saints count not their lives dear to themselves, so that they may but "finish their course with joy," and bear a noble testimony to, "the Gospel of the grace of God."

3. The love of believers to Christ is not quenched nor drowned by all the waters and floods of affliction, which God is pleased to bring upon them. They generally have a large share of them; "waters of a full cup are wrung out unto them." Yet these, though they are not "joyous, but grievous," do not alienate their affections from Christ, but rather fix them more strongly on Him; whilst they view all their afflictions as covenant-mercies, the effects of wisdom, love and faithfulness, and designed for their good, profit and advantage.

4. Neither can their love be quenched nor drowned by the many waters and floods of their own sins and corruptions. It is true, these are most likely to extinguish this fire and flame above all things else, and often do strike a damp upon it; for through the "aboundings of iniquity," love oftentimes waxed cold; but yet it is not drenched and drowned. There may be a leaving the first love; some degrees of heat in it may be remitted, but there is no such thing as losing the grace of love entirely, for it is an immortal seed, of a lasting, yea, of an everlasting nature.

5. Nor can it be quenched nor drowned by all the waters and floods of Satan's temptations. This enemy of believers oftentimes "comes in like a flood" upon them, by filling their souls with blasphemous thoughts, vile suggestions and wicked insinuations; in all endeavouring to draw off their love and alienate their affections from Christ; which he sometimes attempts by fair words, showing them "all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them," as he did Christ, and promising to give them to them, which is more than he can perform, if they will but turn their backs on Christ, and His ways. At other times he sets before them all the hardships, difficulties, reproaches and persecutions which they will be exposed unto, if they persist therein; and yet all these floods cannot quench nor drown their love to Christ.

6. Nor can this be effected by divine desertions, which are compared to ,waves, billows, and water-spouts" (Psa. 42:5-7), for though these much weaken the faith and disturb the peace of God's children, yet they do not destroy their love. Christ's absence gives much uneasiness to believers, brings much darkness upon them, and raises many doubts, fears and misgivings of heart in them. They cannot, it may be, say at such times with the church, "My beloved is mine, and I am His" yet they can say with her, when in the same condition with them, "Saw ye Him whom my soul loveth?"

7. The terrors of the law, and the apprehensions of God's wrath, which believers are sometimes filled with, are set forth by waves and floods of water, (Psa. 88:6, 7, 15-17); under which, though there may be but little faith, and less joy, yet there may be much love to Christ, great longings and earnest desires after the enjoyment of His presence; as appears from the case of the psalmist, now deferred to.

8. Lastly, all the hardships, difficulties, pressures and reproaches, which may attend believers in their Christian race, are so far from destroying their live to, and alienating their affections from Christ, that they do but further, endear Him the more unto them; and make heaven, and the enjoyment of Christ there, the more desirable to them now, and the more welcome to them hereafter. [16]


Anglicans and Roman Catholics to disregard the Roman restrictions on intercommunion, saying that many had already done so, including himself. The trend was the activity of God, he said, and should be legitimized

In a remarkable passage, Dr. Coggan seemed almost to be appealing personally to be admitted to Roman Catholic communion, or at least to take part in a joint service of Holy Communion. He coupled that with a striking confession of the sins of Anglicanism against Roman Catholicism, a confession, he said, that needed to be sealed by an act of communion.

He said: "Should I not be asking - as indeed I now do - for the forgiveness of the Roman Catholic friends for the lingering attitudes of suspicion and coldness, even sometimes of contempt, which characterised us up to 15 or 20 years ago, and sometimes do still? And should not that confession of sin be sealed in joint participation in the sacrament of Holy Communion?"

The archbishop's sermon had been expected to be a further step in his attempt to take by storm some of the remaining barriers between the two churches.

He first made his plea for shared Communion services during his official visit to the Pope in Rome, and the response was not particularly favourable. Having weighed the Roman Catholic response, he has clearly decided to try to change the Roman Catholic regulations by force of rhetoric, and by all but encouraging ordinary church members to sweep such regulations aside.

Lost night he said he had expressed what he wanted to say with Cardinal Hume "and he has expressed himself happy that I should say it, even though he is unable to agree with me."

He asked why it was that the impact of the churches on the world was feeble, the witness they bore muted, and the shared vision blurred. "Can the reason be' that we are divided at the deepest point of unity, the sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ? Is this God's judgment on us for failing to grasp the nettle?

He coupled that with the churches' failure to acknowledge and repent for the way they had behaved towards each other in the past. Sheltering beneath differences of doctrine, of expression, and of explanation, almost buried in the subconscious, was a failure to confess their faults to one another.

He closed his address with the words: "We have talked about the pain of disunity long enough. Now let us act. And in the strength of the Body broken and the Blood outpoured, we will walk in love and we will go in peace."

Anglican thinking is that the remaining doctrinal differences between the two churches are so small compared with the known areas of agreement that unity is already sufficiently present in belief to overcome the Roman Catholic objections.