My Open Letter and Challenge to the President of the Methodist Church in Ireland,
the Rev. Cecil A. Newell, Minister of Carrickfergus Methodist Church

In the last issue of our Revivalist we dealt with the statement made by the President of the Methodist Church in Ireland as reported in the Irish Catholic. We printed in full the statement as it appeared in the Paper that claims to be Ireland's National Catholic Weekly. As a result of the reproduction of the photograph from that Paper and the reproduction of the extract from the same we received the letter, carried elsewhere in our pages, from the Rev. Cecil A. Newell, B.D., the President of the Methodist Church in Ireland.

Many times attacks have been made upon me personally, and upon my Church generally in Ecumenical Newspapers, but never have my full replies ever been published. However, fundamentalists do not operate on that particular code of ethics. We believe in full and honest public debate, so we have published Mr. Newell's letter exactly as we have received it, and beneath we carry our open challenge to him.

Dear Mr. Newell,

I am amazed to discover that you are not prepared to face up to the truth of your actions. I think it is because you have been found out in what you have done that you are now taking the line set out in your letter.

I must put to you that it is totally dishonest for you to say that the quotation used by me is, (and I quote your letter) "supposed" to have appeared in the Irish Catholic. There is no supposition about the matter at all. The photograph and the article did appear. Honesty has never been the characteristic of those that have embraced the Ecumenical Movement, and as they seek to re-unite us in fellowship with the Church of Rome a [3] Church well known for its lies, it comes as no surprise to us that such should be the attitude of Ecumenists in general and you in particular. You were in the company of the Sinn Fein Cardinal O'Fee, and you did state that one day you might be wearing Cardinal's robes, and the proof of that was demonstrated in the photograph when Cardinal O'Fee put his sash around you. To say that this was just a joke reveals the fact that you are not in the Wesley succession as far as the doctrinal teaching of Wesley is concerned re the Roman Catholic Church.

I call your attention to the letter I have printed elsewhere in this Paper from the pen of John Wesley in regard to his stand against the Roman Catholic Church, and I now challenge you to state whether you agree with that letter and whether you agree with the teaching of John Wesley in his Notes on the New Testament in regard to the Popes of Rome.

You say in your letter that if I don't take certain action you would have to take the matter further. You can take the matter as far as you like. You have been in the company of the enemy of the Protestant people of Ulster, Cardinal O'Fee. You have been prepared to make your Protestant Heritage the subject of a joke. You have been prepared for a laugh to identify yourself with the system which the founder of your Church utterly and totally condemned, and which is contrary to the whole teachings of the New Testament. You have then tried to make out that the Irish Catholic did not report what had taken place, and you have tried to pretend that the whole matter was something of a comedian's antics rather than to be of the serious nature that it is.

When a President of John Wesley's Church is prepared to cover over his betraying actions, as far as Biblical Protestantism is concerned, it is time that those actions were exposed, and that is exactly what I have sought to do.

The last paragraph of your letter is only cant and humbug. The Lord Jesus Christ must surely have been grieved when you did the action which you did in the company of Cardinal O'Fee, and wanted to place yourself in the position of a priest of Rome who pretends to repeat Calvary every time he says the Mass. I do not accept that the Lord Jesus Christ my Saviour and Redeemer is the same Lord that Cardinal O'Fee and the Church of Rome worships, because they believe they can create their Saviour at the Mass through the wafer; that is not the Christ of the Scriptures. So let us have no more cant and humbug but let us have the truth. Do you stand where John Wesley stands or do you not? Your actions give the lie to the solemn pledges you made at ordination.

Yours sincerely,

(See pages 30-32).


Hillsborough Free Presbyterian congregation has increased so rapidly that only ten years after the opening of a new church building at the Comber Road, it has been found necessary to build a new and larger church.

The present building, erected at a cost of 35,000, will be turned into a Sunday School complex when the new church comes into use. It will cost in the region of 200,000.

The Moderator, Dr. Ian R. K. Paisley, used a JCB digger to cut the first sod on the site at a largely-attended ceremony on Saturday.

Rev. Stanley Barnes, minister of the church, presided, and a service commenced with the singing of the "Old Hundredth", "All people that on earth do dwell".

Rev. Fred Greenfield, Banbridge, led in prayer and the Scripture reading was by Rev. John Douglas, Lisburn. There were solos by Rev. G. Cooke, Enniskillen.

In his address, Dr. Paisley referred to controversy and opposition to the building of the first Free Presbyterian Church at Hillsborough, but despite this, and under God's guidance, the church had been opened and was now too small for the growing number of worshippers. [5]


He knew the Lord would prosper the work of His people in the district and he prayed that blessing would be upon them as they undertook the further extension.

The closing prayer and Benediction were offered by Rev. William Beattie, Dunmurry.

The Free Presbyterian Church has built 26 new churches in the Province since 1970.

Members of Session in the Hillsborough congregation are Mr. David Williamson (clerk), Mr. Maurice McCaugherty, Mr. Bryson Spratt and Mr. Charles Poots. Committee members are Mr. James McCann (treasurer), Mr. Cecil Cairns (assistant treasurer), Mr. Kenneth Haffey, Mr. Eric Jess and Mr. Robert Hampton. (Acknowledgement.- The Leader Press, 26/4/84). [6]


There are some stirring expressions in the sixty-second Psalm, which indicate the true attitude of the soul in "fervent, effectual prayer." "Trust in him at all times, ye people; pour out your hearts before him; God is a refuge for us. Selah." The soul must be staid on God that would pray acceptably. It must believe that he is, and trust in him at all times, as a refuge, a present help, ready and waiting to be gracious, with infinite power, and more than a father's heart of tenderness and love to all that call upon him in sincerity and in truth. And then, he that prays must "pour out his heart" before him. His prayer must be personal, earnest, heartfelt, believing. What is here enjoined is not simply to use the proper words of prayer, but the pouring out of the heart. It is like the emptying of a vessel of all its contents, so that nothing shall remain in it. What a pleasing, sublime, awful, and important thing it is for a sinful, dependent creature thus to pray, and keep nothing back! Whatever is in his heart he pours out before the God in whom he trusts at all times - his guilt and fears, sins and sorrows, cares, crosses, wants, dangers, weaknesses, temptations, darkness, ignorance, and all his doubts and anxieties, respecting both body and soul, himself and others, friends and enemies, the church and the world. Every thought that is in his heart, relating to the past, the present, or to the future, he has leave to empty himself of, and to pour out his desires, till not one burden shall remain, not one care, that is not cast upon him who careth for him.

Such is prayer that is prayer. A heart, thus emptied before God, is ready to be filled, and God is ready to fill it with the consolations of his Spirit, which are neither few nor small. One who thus prays renews his strength by waiting on the Lord. It arms him with courage to engage in duty. [7]


A Sermon preached in the Martyrs Memorial Church on 1st April 1984 by Dr. Paisley (Electronically Recorded). 

I want to take for my text this morning the twenty-fifth verse of the first chapter of Romans. "Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, Who is blessed for ever".

By a commandment of Pope John Paul the Second, last week-end was a very special week-end as far as the Roman hierarchy and Church of Rome throughout the world was concerned. The Pope commanded that the whole world should be consecrated to the 'Immaculate Heart of Mary'.

Now most of us are aware about the idolatry of Fatima in Portugal. We are told that in 1917 six times Mary appeared to shepherd children, and as a result a great shrine was built and a wonderful idol was made to Mary as 'Our Lady of Fatima'. Now the Pope decreed that that special image should be brought to Rome. Last Saturday night the Pope spent most of the night in 'holy vigil', as he called it, before that image, and then last Sunday the image was carried before the Pope. The Pope walked behind it giving the sign of the Cross. Some quarter of a million people, we are told, gathered in Saint Peter's Square to witness this idolatry and the Pope thanked especially 'our Lady of Fatima' for saving his life despite the assassination attempt which occurred on the Feast Day of Our Lady, 13th May, 1981. He also joined in the consecration of the whole world to 'Mary's Immaculate Heart'


When one hears this one is immediately brought back to the fact that the religion of Rome is not the religion of the Bible. The religion of Rome is not Christianity. The religion of Rome is Satanism. The religion of Rome is a cult of Satanism and is inspired by Satan, 'Who have changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, Who is blessed for ever'. [8]

We would do well today to have a look at Rome's theory and theology of worship. Rome says there are three types of worship. There is 'latria', that is worship due to God alone. Then there is 'hyper-dulia', that is worship given to Mary alone. There is 'dulia', worship given to the saints alone.


The Word of God knows nothing about these three types of worship. The Word of God makes it clear that worship is due to God only, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and that worship is only acceptable to God by Jesus Christ the only Mediator.

As the Confession of Faith puts it in chapter 21, paragraph 2, 'Religious worship is to be given to God the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, and to Him alone, not to angels, saints or any other creature, and since the fall not without a Mediator, but not in the mediation of any other but of Christ alone'.

So all bowing down, all homage, all prayers, all acts of religious worship and observances that is carried on, other than to God alone according to the Mediation of Christ and on the foundation of Biblical Truth is idolatry and is an insult to God. It is turning the truth of God into a lie and worshipping and serving the creature more than the Creator. It is a plan of Satan to give God His sole and sovereign place as the only true God.

Now the Church of Rome has turned its back on all Scriptural principles and her form of worship is a form of idolatry. I want to deal with the idolatry known as Mariolatry - that is the worship that is given to Mary.


The Church of Rome has doctored and butchered God's Word in order to have some authority for the worship of Mary. Turn in your Bible to Genesis chapter 3, verse 15, the first great Gospel Promise, and in your Bible (The Authorised Version) it reads 'I will put enmity between thee and the woman, between thy seed and her seed, it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel'.

Who bruises the head of the Devil? The Lord Jesus Christ. Who had His heel crushed by the Devil? The Lord Jesus Christ. I have the Roman Catholic Bible in my hand, the Douay Version, 'I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed, she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie at her heel'. If you go into any Roman Catholic Church and look at any image of the Virgin you will find that the Virgin's foot is depicted as being on the head of the serpent. That, of course, is turning the truth of God into a lie, for the only Person that bruised Satan's head was the Lord Jesus Christ, and He alone is the bruiser of Satan's head. [9]


So we find the Church of Rome developing the cult of Mary, and this produced the promotion of the doctrine of the 'Immaculate Conception of Mary'.

In 1854, eighteen hundred years after Christ, the Church of Rome discovered that Mary 'was born without sin, she was immaculately conceived'. 'The Immaculate Conception of Mary!'

The Church of Rome decreed that 'all must believe that Mary was born without sin; that that is an Article of the true Christian religion, and those that do not believe it will be punished with everlasting Hell-fire, Let them be accursed.'

Up until the year 1854 the Church of Rome had been developing a whole cult of Mary. Let me give you some illustrations.

St. Peter Damian calls Mary 'The ladder to Heaven' - 'For as God descended from Heaven by her, so then by her means man deserves to ascend from earth to Heaven'.

St. Bernard calls Mary 'A vehicle to Heaven'. And another saint says, 'Hail Noble Chariot by which your servants are conducted to the end of their course.'

St. Bonaventure says, 'Happy are they who know you, O Mother of God, for to know you is the way to eternal life, and to celebrate your praises Is the high road to Heaven'.


In the chronicles of St. Francis, 'Brother Leo saw a vision of two ladders. One was red and on the summit of the red ladder stood the Lord Jesus Christ. One was white and at the top of the white ladder stood the Blessed Mother of God. He observed that many who endeavoured to ascend the first ladder - the red ladder - after mounting a few steps fell down, and on trying it over and over again were equally unsuccessful so that they never reached the top of the red ladder. But a voice having told them to make trial of the white ladder, they soon gained the top, the Blessed Virgin holding out her hands to help them'.

Could you get a more studied insult to the Deity, Honour and Redemption of Christ than that blasphemy. Yet that is in the famous Roman book, 'The Glories of Mary' which has the full impramatur of the Roman Catholic Church and is one of the text books that all Roman Catholic priests have to study.

Think of it! 'Through Christ there is no way to Heaven, but through Mary there is a sure way to Heaven'. That is why I say that Roman Catholicism is Satanism, it is not Gospel, it is not Biblical, it is not Christian, it is Anti-Christianity. [10]


St. Bernard of Clairvaux wrote a Psalm Book which he dedicated to Mary. He took the Psalms of David and he changed them all. Psalm number one in that Book says, 'Blessed is the man that loveth thy name, Virgin Mary, thy grace shall strengthen his heart'.

Psalm number two reads, 'Why do our enemies rage and imagine vain things against us? Let thy right hand protect us, Mother of God, as a terrible sword confounding and destroying. Come unto her all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and ye shall find rest unto your souls'.

Psalm number 24, 'Unto thee, O Lady, I lift up my soul'.

Psalm number 148, 'O praise our Lady in the heavens; praise her in the heights, Praise her all men and beasts; fowls of the heavens, and fishes of the sea. Praise her, sun, moon, stars and orbits of the planets'.


So you will see that the Church of Rome has taken the worship, the honour and the sovereignty of Christ and has placed this honour and worship and sovereignty to Mary. The Mary of the Church of Rome has nothing whatsoever to do with the Mary of the New Testament.

The Mary of the New Testament, the Virgin that she was when our Lord Jesus Christ was born was a young woman who knew that she was a sinner. She knew that she needed to be saved, and she said in her great Hymn of praise, that she rejoiced in God her Saviour.

The Lord Jesus Christ never called her 'mother', the Lord Jesus Christ called her 'woman', for she was only the mother of His human body, and she was never the mother of God and could not be the mother of God. When it came to that last great act of redemption Jesus Christ, before He entered into the darkness to be chastised for your sins and mine, dissociated Himself from Mary completely. He said to John, 'Behold, thy mother', and to Mary, 'Behold, thy son'.

I stood outside the great Basilica in Rome dedicated to Mary's worship. Outside it there is a Cross and upon that Cross there are two figures hanging - Christ and Mary on the Cross together. That, my friend, is the highest blasphemy that Rome could utter and is the basis for the whole system of Mariolatry.


Last Sunday the Church of Rome universal, the hierarchy of Rome in Ireland, led by Cardinal Thomas O'Fee, the hierarchy in America and every other [11] country in the world celebrated this great act of idolatry, handing the world over to the 'Immaculate Heart of Mary'.

I tell you, friend, nothing would bring a curse sooner to our land than that insult to the Precious Name and the Precious Honour of the Lord Jesus Christ.


Could I say from this pulpit today that Jesus Christ is the only Way to God. Could I say from this pulpit today that Jesus Christ alone is the only Saviour of men. Could I say from this pulpit today that in His Blood alone is there cleansing from sin.


I was just reading how the Pope was received when he visited some nuns recently in a Convent of the Incarnation, and the Mother Superior, after opening words in Polish, described the Pope as 'Our Sweet Christ on earth'. I tell you, friend, that is Anti-Christianity. Was it any wonder that our forbears labelled him as the Antichrist and they cried out against Mariolatry? Is it any wonder they labelled the Mass as 'A blasphemous fable and a dangerous deceit'? (See the Church of England Prayer Book.)

Oh, that God would send us a revival of true Protestantism! Oh, that God would put back into our souls a holy, heavenly hatred of this accursed system! That system that keeps this Island home of ours in darkness, that blinds the souls of men to the light of the Gospel, that leads them to crawl and scrape to bachelor priests and to idols made with hands, that closes up the way to Heaven blockading it with all the paraphernalia of ritual idolatry and leads this Island home of ours down a road of darkness, doom and eventually damnation.


God help us to spread the light of the Gospel! God help us to tell our Roman Catholic fellow countrymen that Jesus saves. You don't need Churches or cardinals, or popes or priests or 'holy water' or candle grease or idols. Jesus gives Eternal life to the soul who puts his faith and trust in Him. That is the message which we need to preach. To cry out against this system, that our testimony be clear no matter who we offend, no matter what voices are raised against us, no matter who condemns us - 'bigots', or otherwise.

Let us with strong hands and a strong faith cry out against Popery and idolatry and call men to repentance and faith in the Blessed Son of God alone. [12]

Flying an idol from Portugal, parading it around St. Peter's Square and then failing down before it and worshipping it, that is the system of Rome, that is the system of idolatry.


What shall I say this morning of those that were brought up in the Protestant faith, of those who were ordained to the ministry from the Protestant pulpits, to those who swore in ordination holy vows of faithfulness to the doctrines of Biblical Christianity yet now have applied whatever abilities they have to subvert our Protestant Churches and to bring us back into the darkness of Popery?

If every word I spoke today was a thunderbolt, if every word I uttered today was a lightning strike, no words could be strong enough to indict those Protestant clergy who are guilty of the vilest perjury, and who today are using their pulpits to lead their congregations back to the darkness of Popery and Antichristianity.

An example of that you have in the photograph you received this morning, (I would like you to write on the bottom of that, 'Irish Catholic, 22/3/84,' for that is where I got that. Ireland's National Catholic Weekly, I read it every week to find out what Rome is doing).

Here we have the Sinn Fein Cardinal Thomas O'Fee, and he is with the Rev. Cecil A. Newell, President of the Methodist Church in Ireland. When Mr. Newell was ordained he said he adhered to the teaching of John Wesley as taught in Wesley's sermons and his commentary on the New Testament.


Here is what John Wesley had to say about the Pope in his Commentary on the New Testament, 'However, in many respects the Pope has an indisputable claim to the title Man of Sin and Son of Perdition, he is in an emphatical sense the Man of Sin as he increases sin above measure, and he too is properly styled the Son of Perdition as he has caused the deaths of numerous multitudes, both of his opposers and followers, destroyed innumerable souls, and will himself perish everlastingly. He it is that opposes himself to the Emperor once his rightful Sovereign, and exalteth himself above all that is called God or that is worshipped, commanding angels, putting things under his feet, both of whom are called gods in Scripture, claiming the highest power, the highest honour, suffering himself not only once to be styled God or Vice-God, indeed no less is implied in his ordinary title Most, Holy Lord, Most Holy Father, so that he sitting enthroned in the temple of God declaring that he is God, claiming the prerogatives which belong to God alone. [13]


What does Mr. Newell say in the company of the Cardinal? He says that some day he might be wearing the robes of a Cardinal. That he might be made by the Pope a prince of the Church, and as you know Popes are chosen from the cardinals, so Mr. Newell may even have his eye on the Papal Chair. Every cardinal wears a special Papal sash, it is his insignia from Rome, a special cardinal's garment. What happened? Cardinal O'Fee took off his sash and placed it round Mr. Newell, and Mr. Newell stood with the sash around him, as you see in the photograph cheered to the echo by the Papists who were present. This is the President of the Methodist Church in Ireland, with aspirations to wear the garments of a Cardinal and happy to have the Sinn Fein Cardinal O'Fee put his Papal sash around his shoulders.


I tell you, the downgrade is amongst us, the treachery is on, the sell-out is being made. Is it any wonder that the Foreign Secretary of the Irish Government flies to the Vatican next week to discuss with the Pope the Irish Forum and its findings? In Strasbourg this week in the European Assembly a sectarian assembly, overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, we saw the attitude of 'most Catholic Europe'. Thank God I had the privilege, howbeit alone, to stand out against that betrayal, and I thank God for the courage and the wisdom God gave me to do it, and stand alone. I was reminded of old Martin Luther, 'Here I stand, I can do none else, God helping me'. This week in the Vatican our death decree from the Irish Forum, the plan to destroy Protestant Ulster will be discussed by the Pope, and every Cardinal and every priest of Rome is a propagandist for Republican propaganda, and Ulster is coming to its 'D' Day. It is coming to its test day. Put no faith in the Protestant leaders of the Ecumenical Churches, for they will sell you down the river and they will go over lock, stock and barrel to Popery, for they long for priestly powers and priestly garments and priestly authority.


God Almighty is still on the Throne, and I'm encouraged that in the darkest days in European history God brought about the great and glorious Reformation, and God Almighty can do it again.

I pray God that this Free Presbyterian Church that has been brought to the kingdom for such a time as this, for if there had been no Free Presbyterian Church these clergy would have gone farther and faster to Popery. It is the protest that they know that shall be made. It is the marching numbers of this Church and the increase of its congregations that puts fear within their [14] hearts. God bless this Church and keep it true, and keep it faithful, and may every man that ever stands in this pulpit be a total and absolute Protestant - a man of God, a man with the Bible who believes it, and a man with the Gospel who preaches it. A man with the anointing of Heaven upon him, so that as he preaches sinners shall be saved and people shall be converted to Christ.


Men and women, the battlelines are drawn today, we are in the final episode of Ulster's battle against her enemies. Let us be true. Let us be courageous. Let us be men and women dedicated to the task of truth, and I believe God shall light in Ulster a candle that shall never be put out. God shall preserve his testimony and keep His people.

I'm grateful for this opportunity today before I leave on my short American trip to give you these words. May they remain with you and in your heart. Pray for your preacher. There are many against him. They would like to close his mouth and shut his testimony. But, praise God, God has promised us long life. God has promised us a full ministry. God has promised us revival. The best has yet to be and the end is not yet, praise the Lord!



Dublin: An international ecumenical group meeting here this week has described as "epoch making" a statement from the Church of England's Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Runcie, in praise of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

For the first time since it was founded in 1967 the Ecumenical Society of the Blessed Virgin Mary is holding its International Congress in Ireland.

Archbishop Runcie in his letter said: "I have no doubt as to the importance of right devotion to Mary, the Theotokos, whom the Holy Spirit overshadowed in the Incarnation.

"I therefore want to give the society every encouragement in its task of ensuring that the Blessed Virgin Mary is no longer seen as one who divides the followers of her son".

Commenting on the letter the Society said: "No occupant of the See of Canterbury has ever spoken thus of Our Lady."

Attending the five-day conference are members of the Christian Churches - Catholic, Orthodox, Lutheran, Anglican, Presbyterian and Methodist.

Messages of greeting also came from Cardinal Thomas O'Fee, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland, the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Dublin, Dr. Henry McAdoo and Cardinal Basil Hume of Westminster.

(Excerpt - The Irish News, 26/4/84).



At the age of 56 Caesar was murdered on the Ides, that is, the 15th, of March, B.C. 44. The previous evening, while he was at supper, the conversation turned on death, and on the kind of death which was most to be desired. Caesar, who was signing papers while the rest were talking, looked up and said, "A sudden one." During the night his wife, Caipurnia, dreamt that he was murdered. In the morning he himself was restless and depressed, and at her entreaty decided not to attend the Senate that day. But at eleven o'clock the conspirators, who had been waiting in their places in the Senate Chamber with their daggers ready, sent one of their number to entreat him to come, as there was business of moment to be done. He rose to go, and, as he crossed the hall, his statue fell, and shivered on the stones. One of his servants tried in vain to warn him. As he still passed on, a stranger thrust a scroll into his hand, and begged him to read it on the spot. It was a list of the conspirators, with details of their plot. Caesar supposed it to be a petition, and placed it carelessly among his other papers.

He went on, entered the House, and took his seat. "The conspirators," so Mr. Froude tells the story, "gathered round him. He was familiar, and easy of access. He knew them all. There was not one from whom he had not a right to expect some sort of gratitude, and their movements suggested no suspicion. One had a story to tell [23] him; another some favour to ask. Tullius Cimber, whom he had just made governor of Bithynia, then came close to him, with some request which he was unwilling to grant. Cimber caught his gown, as if in entreaty, and dragged it from his shoulders. Cassius, who was standing behind, stabbed him in the throat. He started up with a cry and caught Cassius's arm. Another poniard entered his breast, giving a mortal wound." At the sight of Brutus, whom he had specially befriended, among his murderers, he exclaimed, "Et tu, Brute!" "Thou too, Brutus!" Then,

When the noble Caesar saw him stab,
Ingratitude, more strong than traitor's arms,
Quite vanquish'd him: then burst his mighty heart;
And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
Even at the base of Pompey's statue,
Which all the while ran blood, great Caesar fell.

Caesar was great in everything he undertook; as a soldier, an orator, a statesman, a lawgiver, a mathematician, an historian, an architect. He would have been a foremost man in any age. But the age in which he lived was one of the most critical in the whole world's history. Rome, but for him, would have fallen to pieces by the weight of its own greatness. How necessary the Roman Empire was to bring on the "fullness of time," none but a great scholar and a great theologian could tell you. It is agreed on every hand that outside the Bible there is no greater human figure than Julius Caesar. His very name is stamped everywhere on modern history. The word Emperor, which denotes the highest earthly dignity, comes from the word "Imperator," which he first assumed as a personal name. The titles Czar, and Kaiser, and Kaisar-i-Hind, borne by the Emperors of Russia and Germany, and the Queen as Empress of India, are all forms of the word "Caesar." And our month of July was named after him. Before his time the year had long consisted of 355 days. The seasons no longer corresponded with their names. To make things right he made the year 46 B.C., known as the "year of confusion," to consist of 445 days - which must have been a terrible year for schoolboys and apprentices - and the years ever since to consist of 365. The month July was previously known as Quintilis, that is, the fifth month, counting from March, which for long began the year. The sixth month was Sextilis, the seventh September, and so on, till December, which means the tenth. Sextilis was changed to August, in honour of the Emperor Augustus, the son of Julius Caesar's niece, in whose time Christ was born.

"In person Caesar was tall and slight. His features were more refined than was usual in Roman faces; the forehead was wide and high, the nose large and thin, the eyes dark grey like an eagle's, the neck extremely thick and sinewy. His complexion was pale. His voice was high and shrill. He was a great bather; he rarely or never touched wine. He was a fine horseman; in Gaul he rode a remarkable horse which would let no one but Caesar mount him. From his boyhood it was observed of him that he was the truest of friends, that he [24] avoided quarrels, and was easily appeased when offended. In manner he was quiet and gentlemanlike, with the natural courtesy of high breeding. Once, when he was dining somewhere, the other guests found the oil too rancid for them. Caesar took it without remark, to spare his entertainer's feelings. When on a journey through a forest with his friend Oppius, he came one night to a hut where there was a single bed. Oppius being unwell, Caesar gave it up to him, and slept on the ground."

It is interesting to know that he twice invaded Britain. He knew its size and shape, and learned also that another island, about half its size, lay west of it; and it seems, too, that he had heard of the Isle of Man, and of other islands, far, far north, where the days in winter were very short.

I must tell you, also, that his mother's name was Aurelia. He was her only child, and all his days was passionately fond of her.


Salvation is to be considered three ways, either salvation decreed, salvation obtained, or salvation exhibited in the word.

Salvation decreed, concerns the elect indeed; and the election shall obtain: but thus it is not the first object of any man's faith. Who are elect, is a secret, and secret things belong to God. You are not concerned with salvation as it lies in the decree.

Salvation obtained, is what concerns believers; and this is not the object of any man's faith either, but rather the object of the sense of them who have it, when they know they have it. But salvation exhibited in the word, is what every man that hears the gospel is concerned with; salvation promised, salvation offered in the general dispensation of the gospel, with a particular invitation to every one to look to Christ for salvation. Now, to lay hold of salvation here as it lies in the word, is the safe way for you to take; if you lay hold on salvation exhibited to you in the word, then you will come to find it salvation obtained; and when you find it salvation obtained, then you may find it salvation decreed: and this is the right order in which you ascend to God's decree, by taking hold of his word, when to you the word of this salvation is sent. See Rom. x. 6, 7, 8. "Say not, even in thine heart, Who shall ascend to heaven", to see if salvation was decreed for me? or, "Who shall descend into the deep", to the heart, to see if salvation be obtained? you will find no object of faith in yourself: but the word is nigh, the word of salvation which we preach; it is in thy mouth, and in thy heart, [25] to be acknowledged with the mouth, and embraced with the heart, ver. 9. O then, sinner, his word, which you are called to take hold of, is his name; it is that whereby he makes himself known: fly to his name, and look for salvation, as it is in his word, in his name. And in coming to him for salvation, (1) Let his name be your motive; for thus you will glorify his name. (2) Let his name be your tower, to which you fly for salvation. (3) Let his name be the measure of your hope: how much he will be glorified in saving you, so much let your hope and expectation go forth that he will do so. (4) Let his name be your plea and argument: "What wilt thou do for thy great name?" Josh. vii. 9. 0 save for thy name's sake. "Father, glorify thy name." Cast anchor here, and you shall ride out all storms, and be eternally safe.


O improve his name in every case; for he hath a name suiting every want, every need. Do you need wonders to be wrought for you? His name is Wonderful: look to him so to do, for his name's sake. - Do you need counsel and direction? His name is the Counsellor: cast yourself on him and his name for this. - Have you mighty enemies to debate with? His name is the mighty God; seek he may exert his power for his name's sake. - Do you need his fatherly pity? His name is the everlasting Father: "As a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him." Plead his pity, for his name's sake. - Do you need peace external, internal, or eternal? His name is the Prince of peace; seek for his name's sake, that he may create peace. - Do you need healing? O Sirs, his name is Jehovah-rophi, the Lord the healer and physician: seek, for his names sake, that he may heal all your diseases. - Do you need pardon? His name is Jehovah-tsidkenu, the Lord our righteousness: seek, for his name's sake, that he may be merciful to your unrighteousness. - Do you need defence and protection? His name is Jehovah-nissi, the Lord your banner: seek for his name's sake, that his banner of love and grace may be spread over you. - Do you need provision in extreme want? His name is "Jehovah-iireh, in the mount of the Lord it shall be seen, the Lord will provide." - Do you need his presence? His name is Jehovah-shammah, the Lord is there; Immanuel, God with us: look to him to be with you, for his. name's sake. - Do you need audience of prayer? His name is the Hearer of prayer. - Do you need strength? His name is the Strength of Israel. - Do you need comfort? His name is the Consolation of Israel. - Do you need shelter? His name is the city of refuge. - Have you nothing and need all? His name is All in all. - Sit down and devise names to your wants and needs, and you will find he hath a name suitable thereunto: for your supply, he hath wisdom to guide you; and power to keep you; mercy to pity you; truth to shield you; holiness to sanctify you; righteousness to justify you; grace to adorn you; and glory to crown you. Trust in his name, who saves, for his name's sake. [26]

INSIDE INSIGHT: a page of inspirational poetry presented each month by Rhonda Paisley.


Not with a single stroke, but painfully and slow,
The sculptor fashioneth the human face;
E'en the rough cast takes many a careful blow,
Ten thousand chisel-points its finished grace.

Here is soft polishing, there the finest touch,
Ere the full likeness stands in solid stone;
Genius has toiled and planned, few dream how much,
To mold the features that we've loved or known.

So by our readings, be they good or bad,
We carve our moral likeness, day by day,
Our acts of thought and will and deed will add
A charm to every line, a kindling ray,
Or mould our features silently to wear
The image of gross sin, or dark despair.

- George Bancroft Griffith


Thou who didst hang upon a barren tree,
My God, for me;
Though I till now be barren, now at length
Lord, give me strength
To bring forth fruit for Thee.

Thou who didst bear for me the crown of thorn,
Spitting and scorn,
Though I till now have put forth thorns; yet now
Strengthen me Thou,
That better fruit be borne.

Thou Rose of Sharon, Cedar of broad roots,
Vine of sweet fruits,
Thou Lily of the vale, with fadeless leaf,
Of thousands chief,
Feed Thou my feeble shoots.

- Christina Rossetti [27]


Thou holds my eyelids waking.
Why, then, I'll seek Thy face;
Demand of Thee a blessing,
And know Thy Name of Grace.

As Jacob by the Jabbok
Who would no quarter give,
I will not let Thee leave me
Till blessing I receive.

E'en though the conflict cripple,
I cannot let Thee go
Until Thy hand has marked me,
If blessing cometh so.

Then with the morn cross over
To face what lies before
And find the dreaded meeting
No terrors holds in store.

- Bob Jones


Strive, yet I do not promise
The prize you dream of today
Will not fade when you think to grasp it,
And melt in your hand away;
But another and holier treasure,
You would now perchance disdain,
Will come when your toil is over,
And pay you for all your pain.

Wait; yet I do not tell you
The hour you long for now
Will not come with its radiance vanished,
And a shadow upon its brow;
Yet far through the misty future,
With a crown of starry light,
An hour of joy you know not
Is winging her silent flight.

Pray; though the gift you ask for
May never comfort your fears,
May never repay your pleading,
Yet pray, and with hopeful tears.
An answer, not that you long for,
But diviner, will come one day;
Your eyes are too dim to see it,
Yet strive, and wait, and pray.

- Adelaide A. Proctor [28]

"LIVING ROOM": A page for women, presented by Eileen Paisley

The Bible is full of delightful little phrases. A few days ago my daughters and I were discussing our Bible readings for that day, and one of them said she had been reading in Job, and discovered this sentence in Chapter 14, "My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and thou sewest up mine iniquity". That same day I had been reading in Luke, "Provide yourselves bags that wax not old". And so began an interesting discussion about bags.

Today, there is no shortage of bags of all descriptions - handbags, knitting bags, sewing bags, shopping bags, laundry bags, large and small bags, bags of every shape, size and colour. What would we do without them? They are of all materials, ranging from the fragile plastic supermarket bags, right through to substantial leather bags.

How glad I am that my transgressions are not in a plastic bag, for not only would they be on view to all and sundry, but they could never be sealed up, they would be bursting through the sides, or the handles would break and my transgressions would come tumbling out. It took a large strong bag to contain my transgressions and iniquities. I am glad mine have all been blotted out by the precious blood of the Lord Jesus and He has cast them [29] behind his back, in the sea of God's forgetfulness.

When the boy David was going out to slay Goliath we read in 1 Samuel 17:40 how he chose five smooth stones out of the brook and put them in a shepherd's bag . . . and his sling was in his hand. The stones would not have accomplished much by lying in the bag. David needed the arm of faith and a heart of fire to slay the giant. It only took one stone to kill Goliath, but in 2nd Samuel we read how four sons of the giant were also slain by the hand of David and his servants. That was a stone for each giant.

How many giants there are around us today. The giant of liquor, the giant of drug abuse, the giant of immorality, the giant of infidelity, all abound in our community challenging the power of God. As believers we have a responsibility to fight these evils, and it is only by the power of God and the power of prayer that we can overcome them. There are also giants in our own lives and hearts against whom we must do warfare. How persistent they are to gain the victory in our lives. The giant of doubt, the giant of fear, the giant of temper, the giant of envy, the giant of pride. You know your own giants. Meet them straight on, overcome them with the smooth stones chosen from the brook of God's word, and hidden in the bag of our heart. Aimed by the power of the Holy Spirit our giants will come tumbling down.

David in the Psalms says, "Thy word have I hid in my heart that I might not sin against Thee". Learn to know your Bible, search out the stones to attack your enemy, and you will be ready to quench the fiery darts of the wicked.

In Haggai 1-6 we read of a bag with holes. No-one wants a bag with holes, especially to put our wages into! Haggai was speaking to the Jews who had been in captivity but who had, under King Darius, returned to Jerusalem. Understandably they were thrilled at the prospect of returning to their homeland, and were determined that the first thing they were going to do was rebuild the Temple. However, as soon as they reached their homeland they forgot their promise, and instead of building the House of God they built houses for themselves. They were to learn a hard lesson. instead of prosperity there was poverty. The crops failed, there wasn't sufficient food, there was a shortage of clothing, and God sent Haggai to tell them that if they lived for self first their lives and all their labours were worthless. They might as well put their money into a bag with holes.

On what have you built your hopes? What are your priorities? If God has been left out of your life then you have put all your plans and ambitions into a bag with holes and today you are disappointed, disillusioned and in despair. What a difference when your trust is in God, when you know the Lord Jesus Christ as your personal Saviour, when your hopes are built on the sure foundation of the Rock of Ages. You are not trusting in a bag with holes, but in the God who cannot fail, and who will never forsake those who trust in Him.

There are some other Bible bags, and we will continue our discussion on these next month. [30]


President Rev. Cecil A. Newell, B.D.

Co. Antrim
12th April, 1984

Rev. Dr. Ian R. K. Paisley, M.P.
256 Ravenhill Road,
Belfast 6.

Dear Dr. Paisley,

I have just received a copy of the April issue of your publication "The Revivalist" and I was disturbed to read the article you have written accusing me of "Treachery and Blasphemy".

When I discovered on March 31st that the announcement in the Belfast Newsletter about your services the following day bore a quotation - "The Irish Methodist President expressed the hope that one day he would be wearing cardinal's robes', I phoned you to deny and correct this.

I made the following statement to your answering machine, as you were not available when I phoned, -

"I have had it pointed out that in your announcement for to-morrow morning's service you state that I had expressed the hope that one day I would be wearing cardinal's robes. I haven't seen the 'Irish Catholic' in which this is supposed to have appeared and I certainly never made such a statement.

"What actually happened was this. I attended a ceremony in Dublin at which Cardinal O'Fiaich and I gave out prizes to award winners of the annual competition connected with Peace Week. After doing this Cardinal O'Fiaich and I both spoke to the teachers and pupils present. At the beginning of my speech I jokingly remarked that maybe as a gesture of goodwill the Cardinal and I should do as players do at the end of a football match and exchange vestments. In the spirit of the joke the Cardinal put his sash around me and everybody exploded with laughter. I never said that I hoped one day I would be wearing cardinal's robes. I would no more want to become a cardinal than Cardinal O'Fiaich would want to become the Methodist President."

I don't know whether my denial affected whatever you had planned to say in your address on April 1st in your church, but I hope that you will express your Christian integrity by making a statement in the next issue of your "Revivalist" pointing out that I have denied what I have been accused of saying regarding a hope of one day wearing cardinal's robes. This would save me having to take the matter further.

What I said in Dublin was said in a spirit of relaxed good humour which no one present could have interpreted otherwise and I am deeply saddened that you would use this misquotation in an attempt to create division and damage the influence of another Christian minister, especially as I am personally deeply committed to the evangelical faith of the New Testament and of John Wesley.

I read with interest and approval the article written by your wife in the same April issue of "The Revivalist" in which she states, "it is a useless exercise to fill our minds with unsuitable reading material. Philippians 4:8 leaves us in no doubt as to the fuel we need: "Whatsoever things are true, honest, just, pure, lovely, and of good report, think on these things".

It is because I share this conviction of Paul and of your good wife that I find it distressing that you have published for mental consumption an article that is not "true, honest, just, pure, lovely and of good report".

I hope that I shall hear further from you giving assurances that this correction will be made publicly and that we shall not grieve our common Lord and Master Jesus Christ by maliciously wounding one another and hurting the service we are called to do in His Name.

Wishing you God's richest blessing.

Yours sincerely,

Cecil A. Newell [31]


'Sir - Some time ago a pamphlet was sent to me, entitled An appeal from the Protestant Association to the People of Great Britain. A day or two since a kind of answer was put into my hand, which pronounces 'its style contemptible, its reasoning futile, and its objects malicious'. On the contrary, I think the style of it clear, easy and natural; the reasoning kind and benevolent. And in pursuance of this kind and benevolent design - namely, to preserve our happy constitution - I shall endeavour to confirm the substance of that tract by a few plain arguments. With persecution I have nothing to do.


I persecute no man for his religious principles. Let there be as 'boundless a freedom in religion' as any man can conceive. But this does not touch the point. I will set religion, true or false, utterly out of the question. Suppose the Bible, if you please, to be a fable and the Koran to be the Word of God. I consider not whether the Romish religion to be true or false; I build nothing on one or the other supposition., Therefore, away with all common-place declamation about intolerance and persecution for religion! Suppose every word of Pope Pius's creed to be true; suppose the Council of Trent to have been infallible; yet I insist that no Government nor Roman Catholic ought to tolerate men of the Catholic persuasion.


I prove this by plain argument (let him answer it that can). That no Roman Catholic does or can give security for his allegiance or peaceable behaviour, I prove thus. It is a Roman Catholic maxim, established, not by private men, but by a public council that 'No faith is to be kept by heretics'. This has been openly avowed by the Council of Constance; but it never was openly disclaimed. Whether private lessons avow or disavow it, it is a fixed maxim of the Church of Rome. But as long as it is so, it is plain that the members of that Church can give no reasonable security to any Government of their allegiance or peaceable behaviour. Therefore, they ought not to be tolerated by any Government - Protestant, Mohammedan or Pagan.


You may say, 'Nay, but they will take an oath of allegiance'. True, five hundred oaths; but the maxim, 'No faith to be kept with heretics', sweeps them all away as a spider's web. So that still no governors that are not Roman Catholics can have any security of their allegiance. Again, those who acknowledge him the spiritual power of the Pope can give no security for their allegiance to any government; but all Roman Catholics acknowledge this; therefore they can give no security for their allegiance.


The power of granting pardon for all sins, past, present and to come, is, and has been for centuries, one branch of his spiritual power. But those who acknowledge him to have this spiritual power can give no security for their allegiance, since they believe the Pope can pardon rebellions, high treason and all other sins whatsoever. The power of dispensing with any promise, oath or vow, is another branch of the spiritual power of the Pope. And all who [32] acknowledge his spiritual power must acknowledge this. But whoever acknowledges the dispensing power of the Pope can give no security for his allegiance to any Government. Oaths and promises are none; they are light as air; a dispensation makes them all null and void. Nay, not only the Pope, but a priest can forgive sins! This is an essential doctrine of the Church of Rome. But they that acknowledge this cannot possibly give any security for their allegiance to any government. Oaths are no security at all; for the priest can pardon both perjury and high treason.


Setting then religion aside, it is plain that, upon principles of treason, no government ought to tolerate men who cannot give any security to that government for their allegiance and peaceable behaviour. But this no Romanist can do, not only while he holds that 'no faith is to be kept with heretics', but so long as he acknowledges either priestly absolution or the spiritual power of the Pope. 'But the late Act' (you say) 'does not either tolerate or encourage Roman Catholics'. I appeal to matter of fact. Do not the Romanists themselves understand it as a toleration? You know they do. And does it not already (let alone what it may do by and by) encourage them to preach openly, to build chapels (at Bath and elsewhere), to raise seminaries, and to make numerous converts day by day to their intolerant persecuting principles? I can point out, if need be, several of the persons. And they are increasing daily.


But 'nothing dangerous to English liberty is to be apprehended from them'. I am not certain of that. Some time since a Romish priest came to one I knew; and after talking with her largely, broke out, 'You are no heretic; you have the experience of a real Christian.' 'And would you,' she asked, 'burn me alive?' He said, 'God forbid, unless it were for the good of the Church.' Now, what security could she have had for her life, if it had depended on that man? The good of the Church would have burst all ties of truth, justice and mercy; specially when seconded by the absolution of a priest, or (if need were) a papal pardon.

'If anyone please to answer this, and set his name, I shall probably reply, but the productions of anonymous writers I do not promise to take notice of.

I am, Sir, your humble servant.


City Road, January, 21, 1780.

The above letter appeared in The Public Advertiser.