Second Free Presbyterian Church Opened in England

The First Free Presbyterian Church in England is situated in Liverpool.

On June 22nd at 3 o'clock the second English congregation was constituted in Oulton Broad near Lowestoft. This effectual door in the Gospel was opened providentially through the ministry and visitation of the Rev. David McIlveen. Mr. McIlveen visited the area when on holiday some time ago; contacted some believers and through that contact the interest in the Free Presbyterian Church was commenced. Then through various circumstances a body of Christian people came together, they were able to purchase a former United Reformed Church and to gather together for the preaching of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Eventually those who gathered together decided to petition the Presbytery of Ulster to be received as a congregation of the Free Presbyterian Church. After all the procedures were carried through, the Presbytery accepted the petition and appointed the Moderator of the Church, Dr. Paisley, and a commission of Presbytery to inaugurate the new congregation.

On Saturday afternoon the 22nd June the inauguration and constitution service was held. Some 40 Free Presbyterians travelled over by plane to London, and then took the coach down to Oulton Broad. A deputation also came consisting of some 25 people from the Liverpool congregation. These joined with a large congregation which filled the Church for the Service. The Rev. David McIlveen, the Chairman of the Mission Board of the Church and Registrar of the Whitefield College of the Bible presided. The Rev. David Creane who is the minister of the Lurgan Free Presbyterian Church, and the Rev. Jim Harton the minister of Portavogie Free Presbyterian Church, and the Rev. John Douglas the Principal of the Whitefield College of the Bible and Clerk of the Ulster Presbytery, were also present. The Rev. Brian Green, the General Secretary of the British Council of Protestant Christian Churches brought greetings from the Council to the newly established congregation.

The Service had upon it the evident blessing of Heaven. The singing was inspiring as was also the reading of the Holy Scriptures.

Dr. Paisley brought a message from the fourteenth chapter of 1 Corinthians and the verse 8, "For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle?" He dealt with the four great facts of the text, number one - There is a battle - a battle to be fought against the apostasy, the declension and the Bible-deniers of our day. Secondly, there is a necessity of preparing for that battle. We have to prepare by separation and by consecration, and by dedication to the Lord Himself. Thirdly, there is

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How a Hillsborough Church Grew From a Tent Mission

Back in 1966, a Gospel mission was held in a tent on the Comber Road, Hillsborough. Out of that mission grew Hillsborough Free Presbyterian Church, and on the site where the tent was erected there stands a fine church.

But now, the church is much too small, and to the delight of the ever-growing congregation, a new church to accommodate twice as many people - up to 700 - is under construction. The existing building is to be transformed into a Sunday School complex.

On Saturday 15th June, a special service for the laying of foundation stones for the new church was held. Stones were laid by the Moderator of the Free Presbyterian Church, Dr. Ian Paisley, the Rev. Stanley Barnes, minister of the Hillsborough Church; Mr. David G. Williamson, Clerk of Session; and Mr. James McCann, church treasurer.

The remarkable growth of Hillsborough Free Presbyterian Church is a source of great pride to the congregation, especially the nucleus of about 20 men and women who were its foundation members.

Mr. James McCann recalls: "I wanted to have a Gospel Mission here, and I invited the Rev. William Beattie, minister of Dunmurry Free Presbyterian Church to be the preacher. The ground was provided by Mr. James Anderson.

"The mission lasted four weeks and was well attended, with up to 300 people at some services. Many people trusted in the Lord at that time."


Mr. David Williamson, another foundation member, takes up the story: "About 20 people met Mr. Beattie in the tent on the final night of the mission, and told him we wanted to establish a church here in Hillsborough. He gave us every support. In September, 1966, we applied to the Presbytery to be constituted as a congregation."

In the early days, the congregation met in Edenticullo Band Hall, a short distance from the present church site. In March, 1968, a temporary wooden building was acquired and erected on land owned by the late Mr. Matt Spratt, across the road from the present site. By then the membership had swelled to over 100.

The church was served by two student ministers, Mr. Gordon Cooke (now in Enniskillen) and Mr. Ian McVeigh, while Mr. Beattie was senior minister. The Rev. Stanley Barnes was installed in October, 1972, the first ordained minister to be called, and he has remained at Hillsborough ever since. [12]


It was obvious that the congregation needed something more than a wooden hut to worship in, and Mr. McCann recalls that a protracted and difficult battle with the planning authorities and Lisburn Rural Council began. Every site proposed for the church was turned down. Eventually their tenacity was rewarded and in 1972 planning permission was obtained for the site on which the tent had stood six years earlier.

Building began in 1973 and the church was opened on June 22, 1974. A simple but well furnished and well equipped church, it seats 350 comfortably, which certainly seemed large enough in 1972. Now, however, between 400 and 500 attend each Sunday service, and extra chairs have to be put in the aisles.

In the past 12 years, the Sabbath School has also grown by leaps and bounds. Now there are 15 classes with 120 pupils ranging in age from three to 18. Mr. Williamson explains that because of the shortage of space for Sunday School and youth work, the congregation was considering building a Sunday School complex to the rear of the present church.

"But then we thought we could solve the two problems at once by building a new church and converting this one into a youth complex," he says, adding that already 80,000 has been raised for the project.

A sod-cutting ceremony was held last April on ground adjacent to the existing church, and work began on site in March. Now the steel girders have been erected, the base laid and the foundation stones set in. Although no exact date has been fixed, they are aiming for as early a completion date as possible.

Designed along Presbyterian "preaching house" style, the new building will include a crèche, cry room/balcony, taping facilities, a baptismal tank and a large kitchen. It will seat up to 700 - and when asked will that be large enough, Mr. McCann and Mr. Williamson chorus, "We hope not", with considerable confidence.


In explaining the rapid growth of the church, the Rev. Barnes says: "We have sought to be an evangelical, soul-winning church, with emphasis on preaching the Word of God and on prayer. Every Free Presbyterian is expected to be a committed Christian, devoted to winning souls."

Mr. Williamson adds that much of the credit must go to Mr. Barnes himself, and he says: "We can only praise his preaching and teaching. The congregation has grown spiritually under his guidance and leadership. He is a man well respected in the community."

Mr. McCann, who took the first step towards the birth of the Hillsborough congregation when he invited Mr. Beattie to preach at the Gospel mission, still takes a fatherly interest in the development of the church. He says: "Many visitors have been impressed by the warmth, friendliness and [13] fellowship here, and some have, as a result, decided to become members of the church."

At Saturday's stone-laying service, the following prayer was offered: "Speed the day when even this new church is too small for the congregation." It may be said that this is indeed the aspiration of the minister and people, and if their past record is anything to go by, it does not seem like an impossible dream.

Foundation Stones Laid for New Church

The service for the laying of foundation stones for the new Hillsborough Free Presbyterian Church was a joyful occasion for the minister, congregation, and special guests, including the Moderator of the Free Presbyterian Church, Dr. Ian Paisley, and ministers of sister congregations.

The service was favoured by good weather, and the congregation gathered outside on the site where the new church will stand. They were welcomed by the minister, the Rev. Stanley Barnes, Mr. John Redpath, representing the contractors, Robert Heak Ltd. of Tandragee, presented inscribed wooden mallets to those who were to lay the foundation stones.

The first stone was laid by Dr. Paisley, who dedicated the building "to the glory of God". The stone, inscribed with his name and the date, had on it the verse, "notwithstanding the Lord stood with me and strengthened me." (2 Timothy 4, 17).

Mr. Barnes laid a similarly-inscribed stone, on which was the verse, "And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord . . . for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry." (1 Timothy 1, 12). Mr. David Williamson, Clerk of [14] Session, laid a stone on behalf of the Session, Mr. Maurice McCagherty, Mr. Bryson Spratt, and Alderman Charles Poots. It contained the verse, "Enter into His gates with thanksgiving and into His courts with praise." (Psalm 100, 4).

The stone inscribed on behalf of the committee, Mr. Cecil Cairns, Mr. Kenneth Haffey, Mr. Eric Jess and Mr. Robert Hampton, was laid by the church treasurer, Mr. James McCann, who was introduced by Mr. Barnes as "the man whose initiative paved the way for the church". The verse, "For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ," is inscribed on the stone.


A prayer of dedication and thanksgiving was offered by the Rev. William Beattie, Dunmurry Free Presbyterian Church. The congregation of almost 500 then returned to the church where the service was continued with the singing of the hymn, "All people that on earth do dwell".

There was prayer by the Rev. Fred Greenfield, Banbridge, and a solo, "I saw one hanging on a tree", was sung by the Rev. Gordon Cooke, Enniskillen. Mr. Cooke served the church as a student minister 18 years ago. The lesson was read by the Rev. John Morrow, Ballynahinch.

Mr. Barnes welcomed visiting ministers and members of many Free Presbyterian Churches, especially those from Dr. Paisley's own Martyrs Memorial Church, Belfast. He said he was delighted that his own father and uncle, who had served for many years in mission fields in South Africa, were present for the service. Mr. Barnes thanked all who had worked behind the scenes to prepare for the service, especially the ladies for providing the tea.

A generous offering was taken up for the Church Building Fund, and it was announced that a retiring collection would be taken up for the fund in Martyrs Memorial Church the following day. The hymn, "I stand amazed in the presence", was sung, and Mr. Joe Peden, Tandragee, contributed "All our tomorrows" as a solo.

In his address, Dr. Paisley said it was a special privilege to bring a message to Hillsborough on that occasion. He recalled the early days of Free Presbyterianism, and of the congregation in Hillsborough, and rejoiced in the church's continuing growth. He said the Free Presbyterian Church had links with all five continents and had churches in the United Kingdom, Australia, the United States and Canada.

Dr. Paisley preached on the text he had chosen for the foundation stone. He said the new church would be a great preaching place, and where the pulpit was strong the people would be strong.

The hymn, "Mine eyes have seen the glory". was sung. Closing prayer and benediction were pronounced by the Rev. David Priestly, Dromore. Tea was served to all present.

(Reprinted courtesy of The Leader)


Second Free Presbyterian Church Opened in England
(continued from p. 2)

a trumpet - God's trumpet is the Church, and the ministry of the Church, and as the trumpets in the tenth chapter of Numbers were used on various occasions and especially in days of crisis, so the trumpet must be sounded loud and clear today. Fourthly, the trumpet can give an uncertain sound. Alas, how many uncertain sounds are heard in the church today! Fifthly, the Church can give a certain sound, and it is that certain sound that the Church at Oulton Broad must give in that locality, witnessing to the Crown Rights of King Jesus and the Crown Jewels of His Gospel.

The ladies of the congregation then served a very sumptuous meal to all who were present. The deputations from Liverpool and from Ulster had then to leave to make their way home. The afternoon Service started at half past six, and although the deputations from Ulster and from Liverpool had gone, the Church was well filled again for the evening Service. The Rev. Brian Green outlined the policy, and programme and purpose of the British Council of Protestant Christian Churches of which the Free Presbyterian Church is a member, and now the new congregation at Oulton Broad had become a member.

Dr. Paisley preached upon Isaiah chapter 53, he dealt with the ten specialities in the chapter of the Glorious Person of our Lord Jesus Christ. These were two pairs of fives, the first pair consisted of One, His Stripes; Two His Mouth; Three, His Generation; Four, His Grave, and Five, His Death. The second pair of fives consisted of One, His Soul; Two, His Seed; Three, His Days; Four, His Hand; Five, His Knowledge. These two pairs of fives complemented each other, the centre of each of them had a similar theme. The centre of the first five is Generation, and the centre of the second five, His Days. His Generation cut off and His Days prolonged. Dr. Paisley pointed out that the Lord's Mouth was mentioned three times. It says in verse 7, "He was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He opened not His mouth". There you have the Silent Mouth of the Lord. Then it says, "he is brought as a Lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so He openeth not His mouth". There you have the Submissive Mouth of our Lord. Then in verse 9, "Neither was any deceit in His Mouth". There you have the Sinless Mouth of our Lord Jesus Christ. Then His soul is mentioned three times as well. In verse 10, "Thou shalt make His Soul an offering for sin". There is the Substitution of His Soul. Then in verse 11, "He shall see the travail of His Soul". There are the Sufferings of His Soul. Then in verse 12, "He hath poured out His Soul unto death". There is the Sacrifice of His Soul.

As the Word of God was preached, and the Lord Jesus Christ was exalted, there was a real sense of God's presence, and unto Christ truly the gathering of the people was.

The Service concluded in a note of victory, and the ladies of the congregation again served supper.

The second Free Presbyterian Church in England has now been formed. We look forward to the fellowship between Liverpool and Oulton Broad, and [25] may these two Churches become mother Churches, so that throughout the Realm of England there may be here and there a number of faithful separated Free Presbyterian Churches walking in the Light of God, witnessing to the Crown Rights of Jesus Christ and the Crown Jewels of His Gospel, and contending earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints. We would ask for the prayers of God's people for the Free Presbyterian ministers who will be preaching the Word of God during the coming weeks in Oulton Broad. Remember the Rev. Jim Harton as he takes up his ministry there for some weeks, and then remember also the Rev. George Whyte as he continues after Mr. Harton returns. These brethren need our prayers as do the newly formed congregation.

We believe that this step is another step towards the evangelisation of this United Kingdom and towards the coming of a great Revival of God's Word and work in our midst.

Laying of Foundation Stones For A New Church Building At Castlederg

On Saturday the 8th June at 3.30, Foundation Stones were laid for a magnificent new Church building at Castlederg, for the use of the Free Presbyterian congregation there.

The Building, which is well on its way, will have a seating capacity for some 300 people. It has also large ancillary rooms dealing with all the amenities required for Sabbath School work; Church Committees and all other activities of the Church.

The congregation at Castlederg is to be highly commended that they have set about building a building which can be put to the best possible use.

The site on which the new Church stands is historic. On that site in 1859 a great Revival Prayer Meeting was called, attended by hundreds of people. As the people prayed and as the Gospel was preached the Spirit of God moved mightily, and many were the slain of the Lord. So as we took our stand on that site on June 8th we were able to say, "Brethren, we are treading where the saints have trod".

Two Stones were laid, one by the senior minister of the Church, the Rev. Harry Cairns of Omagh, and the other by Dr. Ian R. K. Paisley, the Moderator of the Church.

There is a history behind the text that was upon the Stone which Dr. Paisley laid, it was that great text in John's Gospel chapter 10 and at the verse 13, "I am the Good Shepherd, the Good Shepherd giveth His life for the sheep". That was the text of Scripture that was instrumental in Dr. [26] Paisley's conversion when it was expounded at a Children's Meeting by his revered and honoured mother who is now in Heaven with her Lord.

Mr. Cairns, the senior minister of the Church, checked with Dr. Paisley to see was that really the verse he wanted, and Dr. Paisley affirmed, "Yes, that is the verse I want on this particular Foundation Stone".

Really, God moves in a mysterious way His wonders to perform. Young David Woods, aged 6 years, the son of one of the elders of the Castlederg Church, brother Harry Woods, took seriously ill. That young boy knew and loved the Saviour, and strange to relate the last text that was upon his lips before he was called Home was that text, "I am the Good Shepherd, the Good Shepherd giveth His life for the sheep", and that little lamb was safely folded in the protection of the Good Shepherd for evermore.

It was in the poignancy of that sorrow that the congregation met for the laying of the Foundation Stones of the new Church building. Our hearts went out to Harry and Hazel Woods and the members of the family on the passing of little David, but how appropriate it was that this last text should be the text on the Foundation Stone. Dr. Paisley had the great joy of expounding that verse, and there was a spirit of power and a spirit of blessing, and then after the preaching the Rev. Harry Cairns and Dr. Paisley laid the Foundation Stones, and afterwards the ladies of the congregation served tea.

It was a remarkable and an historic meeting characterised with the sweetness and tenderness of the Lord's presence, and on that occasion God spread a beautiful rainbow over the valley of tears.

Pray for the work in Castlederg that God's hand and God's blessing may be richly upon it.

God has done great things for His people there, surely the best has yet to be and the end is not yet, Praise the Lord! [27]

Think on These Things

Our Good Old English Bible

"We must never leave out of sight that for a great multitude of readers the English Version is not the translation of an inspired Book, but is itself the inspired Book. And so far, of course, as it is a perfectly adequate counterpart of the original, this is true: since the inspiration is not limited to those Hebrew or Greek words in which the Divine message was first communicated to men, but lives on in whatever words are a faithful and full representation of these: nay, in words which fall short of this, to the extent of their adequacy. There, and there only, where any divergence exists between the original and the copy, the copy is less inspired than the original; indeed, is not, to the extent of that divergence, inspired at all. But these distinctions are exactly of a kind which the body of Christian people will not draw. The English Bible is to them all which the Hebrew Old Testament, which the Greek New Testament, is to the devout scholar. It receives from them the same undoubting affiance. They have never realised the fact that the Divine utterance was not made at the first in those very English words which they read in their cottages, and hear in their church. Who will not own that the little which this faith of theirs in the English Bible has in excess is nearly or quite harmless! On the other hand, the harm would be incalculable, of any serious disturbance of this faith, supposing, as might only too easily happen, very much else to be disturbed with it.


Writing to the divines of Zurich when Luther was uttering bitter things against him, Calvin thus speaks: "I can hardly counsel you to hold your peace, but I wish you all to remember how great a man Luther is; what great endowments he possesses; what fortitude and firmness, skill and learning he has employed in routing the powers of Antichrist, and propagating the true doctrine of salvation. I have often said, that though he should call me a devil, I would still honour him as an illustrious servant of God, to whom we are all, deeply indebted. Consider, too, that all you will gain by involving yourselves in the controversy will be to afford matter of triumph to the ungodly. For when we become mutual accusers of each other, they will be only too ready to believe us both. Dwell upon these considerations, rather than on what his intemperance of speech may have deserved at your hands." [28]


"So habitual was it for the Florentines to hear him, that shops were shut till after the morning preaching, and the richest citizens often entertained twenty or thirty at a time of those who came from a distance. Even in winter, the church of San Marco was beset soon after midnight by devotees, who waited until it was opened, then lighting their tapers, remained in silent prayer until the mighty preacher appeared. Men who had found his eloquence the effectual means of changing their own minds, anxiously sought to bring others within his influence."


A beautiful oriental proverb runs thus: "With time and patience the mulberry leaf becomes satin." How encouraging is this lesson to the impatient and desponding! And what difficulty is there that man should quail at, when a worm can accomplish so much from a leaf of the mulberry?


There is a tradition of Ovid, the poet, that when his father was about to punish him for writing poetry, he promised his father never to make a verse, and made a verse in his very promise. When I do solemnly promise my heavenly Father to sin no more, I sin in my promise. I say my prayers as the Jew eats the Passover, in haste. And although in bodily actions motion is the cause of warmth, the more speed I make in my prayers the colder I am in my devotion. Thos. Fuller


The Hindoos, when gathering in their harvest before it is removed from the threshing-floor, take out the portion for their god. However poor, however much in debt, or however much the crops may be, the god's portion is first given.


Flowers are not trifles, as one might know, if he would only think how much pains God has taken with them everywhere; not one unfinished; not one bearing the marks of brush or pencil. Fringing the eternal borders of mountain-winters; gracing the pulseless breast of the old grey granite; everywhere they are humanising. Murderers do not ordinarily wear roses in their button holes. Villains seldom train vines over cottage doors.

B. F. Taylor

Things I have learned from the Bible
by Dr. Ian R. K. Paisley

Jeremiah ch. 16 v. 11: "Then shalt thou say unto them, Because your fathers have forsaken me, saith the Lord, and have walked after other Gods, and have served them, and have worshipped them and have forsaken me, and have not kept my law". Idolatry causes God to withdraw completely from the land. It leads men to the imagination of their evil heart and when they turn to Him and they see not the face at the back of God.

Jeremiah ch. 16 v. 16: "Behold I will send for many fishers, saith the Lord, and they shall fish them; and after will I send for many hunters, and they shall hunt them from every mountain, and from every hill, and out of the holes of the rocks". How truly this scripture has been fulfilled. God has drawn an unbelieving Israel back to their own land, still in the blindness of unbelief, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled, then all Israel shall be saved.

Mark ch. 2 v. 17: "When Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, They that are whole have no need of a physician, but they that are sick; I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance". In order to reach sinners, one must get alongside sinners. Monasticism is the work of the devil to keep those that should be evangelising as far from sinners that need to be evangelised as they can get. We should not be building walls and separating ourselves from sinners, we should be breaking down the walls and getting out after sinners, for whom Christ died.

Mark ch. 2 v. 27: "And he said unto them, The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath". The principles which God has set out for His word are for man's betterment, and for man's blessing. Obedience transforms the duty into a pleasure and then we discover that Christ is Lord of the law and that law is summed up in one word, love.

Acts ch. 7 v. 2: "And he said, Men, brethren, and fathers, hearken; The God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia before he dwelt in Charran". This New Testament verse gives us the reason why Abraham commenced his journey from Ur of the Chaldees, which we read of in Genesis chapter 11, and it says that "Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his [29] son Abram's wife, and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan, and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there". And then in chapter 12 verse 1 it says, "Now the Lord had said Abram" (notice the past tense). So the New Testament throws light upon the Old Testament and is its proper compliment.

Mark ch. 3 v. 5: "And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other". Here we have the first mention in the gospel of our Lord being angry. Every reference to the Lord being angry during his earthly ministry should be carefully studied and then compared with the anger of the Lord in the Old Testament

Mark ch. 3 v. 9: "And he spake to his disciples, that a small ship should wait on him because of the multitude, lest they should throng him". Christ took not a large ship but rather a small one. Polycarp called himself scripturally a "Christ carrier!" I am but a little ship on the great ocean of life, help me to wait on Christ

Mark ch. 3 v. 13: "And he goeth up into a mountain, and calleth unto him whom he would: and they came unto Him". Mark the mountain experiences of Christ while here on earth. The mount of prayer, the mount of the apostles call, the mount of the sermon, the mount of transfiguration, the mount Calvary, and the mount Olivet (the mount of His Ascension).

Mark ch. 3 v. 16: "And Simon he surnamed Peter:" verse 17: "And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James: and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder". Change of names in Scripture is an instructive study. Notice Christ kept their first name but gave them surnames, a second name. A second birth - a second name.

Mark ch. 3 v. 29: "But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation". How tender yet how terrible is the Holy Ghost. Judges chapter 4 and verse 4, "And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time" When God cannot find a man, he finds a woman. The days of the ministry of great women are the days of weakness among men. The women in office and in power, is an indictment of man's failure and weakness. It speaks also of usurpation, a woman taking a man's place.

Judges ch. 4 v. 7: "And I will draw unto thee to the river Kishon Sisera, the Captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into thine hand". The providence of God. God orders all things and draws men and women into situations for His own glory. Calvin was right when he said, There is no chance . . . our sluggish mind, which is unable to ascend the heights of God's providence, calls chance what lies in his decree.

Judges ch. 4 v. 8: "And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, then I will go: [31] but if thou wilt not go with me, then I will not go". Verse 9: "And she said, I will surely go with thee: notwithstanding the journey that thou takest shall not be for thine honour, for the Lord shall sell Sisera into the hand of a woman". Here we have a further indictment of the man, on this occasion, Barak. His weakness, his dependency on woman took from him the honour, and the honour of defeating Sisera was given to another.

Judges ch. 4 v. 14: "Is not the Lord gone out before thee?" When the Lord goes before US, then our enemies, having met with the Lord first, fall an easy prey to our swords.

Judges ch. 14 v. 19: "And he said unto her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water to drink; for I am thirsty. And she opened a bottle of milk, and gave him drink, and covered him". Bottles in the scripture are both an interesting and an instructive and an intriguing study. Ancient Eastern bottles were generally the skins of the smaller animals. Clay bottles made by the potters were less common but are meant In some verses, (Jeremiah 19: 1). Glass bottles were known in Egypt, and therefore, to the Hebrews, but were generally tear bottles in which mourners collected their tears, afterwards putting them into the tomb. This custom is referred to in Psalm 56 verse 8. In Genesis chapter 21 verse 14, we have a woman with a bottle of water. Here, in this chapter we have a woman with a bottle of milk, and in 1 Samuel 1:24, we have Hannah, the woman and mother, with a bottle of wine.

Judges ch. 4 v. 21: "Then Jael Heber's wife took a nail of the tent, and took a hammer in her hand, and went softly unto him, and smote the nail into his temples, and fastened it into the ground: for he was fast asleep and weary. So he died". Note what the scriptures have to say about the nail and the hammer. Study in this connection the following scriptures, Ezra 9:8, Isaiah 22:23 and 25. Zechariah .10:4. and remembering that at the cross a great nailing took place, see Colossians 2:14. Remember too the hammer is a metaphor of scripture. The word of God is a hammer that breaketh a rock in pieces.